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Social Peace and Transitional Justice

Muawad Mustafa Rashid – Khartoum

Social peace is a reality in the existence of humanity. It is an essentialness that humanity’s longing with an optimist approach.
Social peace is a way of sustaining social life distant from internal conflict.


It is one of the objectives of social politics, which offer peaceful solutions to the disputes and conflicts that may arise from disagreements and social tensions among various national and international sectors of society.


Thus, this reduces all kinds of social tensions and ensures social peace and it represents the ideal situation.
It has been a major problem to ensure the social peace all along for every society.


Secular paradigms set out in the secular Western-Centric world, despite all the sophistication longed at the point of social peace, has not reached the expected level.


Since early history, the provision of social peace, which is “a human problem”, has been a much more difficult and complex matter of life.

Goals and Vision

While the steps through rule of law, strengthening democracy and democratic social life creates positive results in certain regions of the world, unemployment, disease, exploitation and hunger continue to tyrannize a another large part of it.


All this has directly affected anyone in the world since it occurs in a global village.


In Sudan, following the overthrow of Al-Bashir’s dictatorship, one of the major tasks of the transitional government was to apply social peace to cure the state of fragmentation and the effects of the civil war in Darfur.
This is the first step towards the aspired transitional justice which requires consensus and determining the mechanisms to access it besides countering the hate speech throughout community initiatives.


We urge the transitional government to expedite the process of the formation of the Transitional Justice Commission, which is included in the structures of the transitional authority. The transitional justice commission represents the spearhead in achieving the goals of December’s glorious revolution.


The importance of achieving the transitional justice exceeds the idea of compensating the victims, despite its importance in upgrading the value of joint coexistence in the future, as it could pave the way to resolve other issues.


The Juba Peace Agreement also emphasized the importance of the transitional justice, and that was stipulated in documents included in the agreement. One of those practical attempts to transform the transitional justice to reality is the social peace initiative which was launched after the signature of the Juba Peace Agreement.


Throughout three decades the civil war in Darfur particularly had created a status of fragmentation, and accordingly it is high time to concentrate on livelihood and removing marginalization.


The recent reconciliation agreements signed in several parts of Darfur paved the way for the social peace initiative to start its activities as one of the civil society organizations which are supposed to work jointly with the government and strategic centres – particularly the University of Khartoum initiatives.

The Initiative

We believe that the social peace initiative will lead to historical settlement. The initiative should be supported by all as it represents one of the democratic transformation pillars on the way towards freedom, peace, and justice.


This leads us to open the dossier of the transitional justice, which is supposed to be participated in by all national institutions considering it is the most important cause towards mending the social fabric, national tolerance, hence countering hate speech and boosting the national vision to reach how to rule Sudan and not who rules Sudan.


It is a historic opportunity for the transitional government to present the vision and the strategic planning in addressing the topic.


The release of Musa Hilal could be a starting point to practical application of the transitional justice because the release was anticipated by shuttle moves by the Deputy of the Rapid Supports Forces, Lt. Gen. Abdul Rahim Hamdan Dagalo to make the issue a starting point for remarkable reconciliations which he already supervised in many parts of Darfur.


Those reconciliation conferences under Dagalo auspices resulted to bringing an end to tribal conflicts which lasted for decades.


It is true that heading towards the transitional justice will face enormous obstacles, but we believe that the formation of the transitional justice commission and providing it with all required support besides benefiting from the experiences of other countries in this regard (Rwanda as a model) will lead to its success.

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