The 11th of April 2019 marked the end of the rule of the former dictator Omer Al-Bashir.
Since then the country witnessed several events on both local and international levels.
The April 2019 announcement, which brought an end to the ousted regime, came as a result of an uprising that had dominated all thought across the country, where youth were the main factor in implementing change.
The protests removed fear and loosened the ousted regime’s iron grip, prompting the youth to continue their struggle to achieve their dreams.
The youth from all states raised the banner (Just Fall. That is All) and they held sit-ins around the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) Headquarters for months.
Things took off on 6th April 2019, when protestors assembled in that area and erected their tents till, 5 days later, the army commandment announced the fall of the regime and appointed 1st Lt. Gen. Ibn Auf as President of the Transitional Sovereign Council.
However, the firm will of the youth and their rejection to the appointment of Ibn Auf resulted in the birth of a new uprising under the banner Freedom, Peace, and Justice,
The Change Merits
Following the revolutionary announcement, the military and civilian components started forming various institutions through serious endeavors to achieve the revolution’s demands. They entered into intensive negotiations with the armed struggle movements, besides joint meetings between military and civilian components crowned by the signature of the Constitutional Document; considered a guiding document for the transitional period.
The formation of governance institutions continued, along with the talks between the government and the armed struggle movements, until the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement on the 3rd of October 2020, which granted the armed struggle movements participation in the transitional government.
The transitional government had led intensive negotiations with the international community, which resulted in lifting the embargo imposed on Sudan since 1991 and allowing the international financial institutions to approve loans to Sudan.
The contacts also led to Sudan’s removal from the States Sponsors Terrorism (SST) list, besides other achievements that would require an action plan to benefit from in enabling Sudan to achieve sustainable development.
Internally, the revolution did not achieve people’s aspirations in terms of improving the economic dire conditions. On the contrary, the conditions became more complicated after the government tended to implement the World Bank policies; a matter that increased the poverty amid the community.
The government, in collaboration with the World Bank, is endeavoring to ease the dire economic conditions of the citizens through applying the “Thmarat” programme, which provides financial assistance to vulnerable communities.
The situation became more complicated after the bank of Sudan opted towards freeing the Sudanese pound’s exchange rate, thereby blowing up the rate of inflation to around 400%. This led to unprecedented price hikes to all commodities.
The country is suffering from successive crises in bread, fuel, power blackouts, and tribal conflicts, especially in West Darfur State, besides the border conflict with neighboring Ethiopia.