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Illegal Migration: The Approach of Human Trafficking

Al-Sammani Awadallah

The conflicts, poverty, and diseases are the major causes for people to think to migrate to Europe through illegal migration as there are no visas to the European countries especially for those living in the African Horn.

Accordingly, those who entered in such adventure are subject to blackmailing the human trafficking gangs. The human traffickers convince the illegal migrants that they can transport them to the European shores for a large number of fees, but after that, they start getting rid of them either through direct killing or leaving them to their unknown fate in the desert.

Illegal migration is divided into three types represented by the place from which the migrants start their adventure to cross to other countries on top of which are Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Algeria, Morocco, and Sudan. From Asia, we find India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

due to the absence On October 2019, the General Assembly of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) held in Santiago, Chile with officials representing  144 countries, lauded the Sudanese government efforts in combatting illegal migration and human trafficking.

The other destination is the targeted countries of the European impacts.

Illegal migration is considered one of the problems of the third millennium as most of the studies tackled this issue from all its 

Sudanese Efforts to Combat the Illegal Migration and Human Trafficking:

Sudan is one of the crossing countries of illegal migration and human trafficking as the country is affected a way or another with the phenomenon as many of the neighboring borders have become a theatre of illegal migration and human trafficking.

Increasing Fears:

According to the last report issued by the IOM that migrants who died in the ocean in their attempt to reach the European shores are double this year.

The IOM is working in partnership with Sudan in combating illegal migration and human trafficking since 2014, The IOM is committed to bringing regional and international support to assist Sudan in combating human trafficking. The IO is working with the Sudanese government and the related civil society organizations in dealing with this phenomenon.

Meanwhile, Sudan participated by a high-level delegation which presented a working paper on Sudanese efforts in combatting human trafficking through security and legislative measures. The paper enumerated the efforts of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) in the issue especially in the bordering lines of Sudan with other countries considering that Sudan is a crossing point for human traffickers towards the European coasts.

On the other hand, Ambassador Anas El-Tayeb Al-Gailiani, on behalf of the Sudanese government, has signed the Headquarters Agreement to host the African Union Centre for Combatting Illegal Migration while the African Union Director of Social Affairs, Ms. Mariama Cisse signed on behalf of the African Union.

It is worth noting that the center is the first of its kind in the continent to provide services to all African countries. The center is supported by the European Union technically and financially.

Khartoum’s hosting of the center comes in recognition of Sudan’s role and contribution to the fight against illegal migration in the Horn of Africa.

The recognition of the international community to Sudan’s role in combatting illegal migration to the extent of making Khartoum the head office of the African Union Centre for Combatting Illegal Migration indicates that Sudan plays a great role in combatting illegal migration and human trafficking.

Reading the African Union’s recognition and the Interpol General Assembly’s hailing the role of Sudan puts our country in a real challenge, considering that Sudan is a transit country to the European shores for human traffickers who get the advantage of the broad borders which Sudan is sharing with several African countries.

It is high time for the international community especially the UN concerned agencies to provide all possible support to Sudan to enable its authorities to continue its efforts in combatting human trafficking and illegal migration in a professional manner.

Our Rapid Support Forces (RSF) are doing a great job in curbing illegal migration, border crossing crimes, and human trafficking through its tireless combing campaigns in the bordering zones and even inside the cities including greater Khartoum.

In short, Sudan needs to be provided with all possible technical assistance to allow its government to contribute more in combatting illegal migration and human trafficking.

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