Sudan and the international community (1)
For a secure, peaceful and prosperous life of the present and the future of the earth and the mankind, the countries of the world have agreed on international and regional charters and covenants protected by the international law, and on international and regional institutions and organizations, such as the United Nations, the African Union and the Arab League, which are supposed to achieve the principles embodied in those charters. It is true that the United Nations as well as the regional organizations need fundamental reforms within the framework of a new world order that limits the dominance of polarity and achieves parity among states, small and large. This is an important discussion, but it is not the subject of this article, in which we will discuss the relationship of the international community and its institutions to what is happening in the third world countries, specifically in Sudan.
Today, we live in a world that does not accept isolation and insulation, a world governed by the inextricable laws of globalization, which provide fertile soil for the interactions and overlaps that we witness between the its various components. This is an objective and inevitable phenomenon that always manifests itself under the title of achieving security, peace and stability in the world. Hence the inevitability of the role and the contribution of the international community into the political scene in the third world countries, the habitat of the political and social crises and disasters. However, there are other factors that push the international community to intervene and to address the political crises in our countries. Among these factors are those related to ensuring and protecting the interests of the first world, the driver and the leader of the interactions of the international community. But perhaps the main factor may be the inability and the failure of the national political forces to address crises that afflict their homeland to the point of exploding wars and undermining stability, inside and outside the country. I think this is the situation today in Sudan, which prompted the United Nations to launch an initiative through its mission in the country, “UNITAMS”, tasked with supporting the transitional period. According to the initiative, the UNITAMS does not impose any specific mechanisms, nor proposals or agenda, but will leave that to the Sudanese themselves. It will only play the role of facilitator and harness all its capabilities to act as a platform that pushes the forces of change to sit with each other and achieve unity in light of the fragmentation that they suffer of today.
We must admit that the international community has provided great services to resolve political crises in many regions of the world. But this recognition will not blind us from seeing the negative side of the story, since not a few number of these services, or prescriptions to treat the explosive crises in our countries, always stem from preconceived ideas that are dominated by academic nature and the power of the interests. The majority of these services address the apparent rather than the essence of the crisis, causing the repeated and frequent explosions from time to time. Moreover, after the the unfortunate events of September 11 and the subsequent campaigns to dry up the sources of terrorism, the western countries, especially the USA, have been dominated by the idea of the priority of stability over democracy, ignoring the dialectical relationship between the two, and imposing a special standard of democracy for the third world countries that lowers the ceiling of the aspirations of their peoples, arguing that these countries are not prepared to receive full democracy..!
Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid