Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid
If you thought that the bloodshed in Darfur will stop once the December revolution is victorious and the Ingaz regime goes to the dump, or once the Juba Peace Agreement/Darfur track is signed, then you are definitely mistaken!
Yes, the revolution has paved the way for resolving the conflict & restoring peace in Darfur, but this requires strong political will to adopt and to implement the necessary practical measures needed to end the bloodshed in Darfour & other tense regions in the country.
Unfortunately, it seems that this political will has no room within our transitional government, even after this government has been fed by the Darfurian movements, signatory to Juba Agreement. It is true, but expected, that the Ingaz remnants are investing in deepening the discords and unrest in Darfur, but they would not have dared had it not been for the failure of the government to act firmly against their sabotaging activities within the various departments in the transitional authority.
Some people may attribute the conflicts in Darfur to the traditional tribal character of the society there. This is not true, but it is cannot be denied altogether as well. However, it is very true to acknowledge the fact that although the tribal conflicts in Darfur are old, but the tribes of Darfur have not lacked awareness and wisdom in addressing these conflicts to be resolved through the traditional tribal reconciliation conferences.
Likewise, it is not true to chronicle the outset of the crisis in Darfur to the date of the Ingaz coup in 1989, but it is very untrue to ignore the role of Ingaz policies in exacerbating the Darfur conflicts and turning the issue into a bloody human tragedy that has been choking the world ever since.
Tribal conflicts in Sudan have gone beyond their traditional character, and have transformed from a mere conflict over degraded natural resources into a legitimate aspiration towards real participation in power and in political and administrative decision-making, and towards a fair sharing of wealth, especially since these tribes reside in wealth and resource-producing centers.
Deception or Promises?
That is why we see the Darfur crisis as a manifestation of the General National Crisis in Sudan, which has been there since the dawn of independence, mismanaged by the political elites, civilian & military, who have been in power over the past decades.
The Darfurians consider the politicians’ promises regarding the developmental programs as a future project for the region a mere deceiving maneuver.
Actually, how can they believe that when they are living both the disappointment of the past and the collapse of the present, whether in the unknown fate of the fund they deducted from their live flesh to finance the Western Ingaz Road, or the collapse & disappearance of the various developmental projects in the area, or the suspension of human and veterinary mobile clinics, or the deteriorating livestock and marketing projects, or the worsening conditions of schools and hospitals, or the inability of the December Revolution Transitional Government to protect and secure the safety of the people in the displacement camps, especially after the departure of the United Nations forces…etc.
Before tackling the root causes of the crisis, urgent & immediate measures should be taken, including bringing the seditionists to justice in the national court or the International Criminal Court, liquidating and disarming the militias, providing safety and security, as well as delivering food and medicine relief to affected people, especially in the camps, with the help of the international community, rebuilding the original homes of the displaced in preparation for their return, with protection and compensation, etc… (to be cont.)