Omer B. Abu Haraz
Solution and Mixture: A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more components where, in most cases, the elements of the solution lose their characteristics in such a way that it becomes extremely difficult to separate the elements of the solution, while a mixture is a physical process where two or more components dissolve in a larger component to give a mixture.
Elements of a mixture retain their characteristics and can be easily separated, for instance, sugar and water by heating and condensation.
Homogeneous solutions are always useful and give very positive results when administrated, for instance, medication, beverage or food. Usually solutions are intended results from chemical reactions, while mixtures are intended physical reactions where all elements retain their individual characteristics.
Solutions and mixtures in our analogy are used to portray the state of transitional governance in Sudan after the ratification of Juba Peace Agreement.
The creation of a homogeneous mixing of elements to yield an effective chemical solution which keeps transitional period rolling smoothly till it reaches the end of successful, transparent, elections that would mark a sustainable transformation to full-fledged democratic civilian governance, is not and cannot be achieved.
What happened is a mixture of elements in which each component strongly retains its characteristics and shape; one which can always be brandished when it deems necessary.
- It seems that the gap between the military and civilian components of the revolution is widening as manifested by:
- The head of the military component, 1st Lt. Gen. Al-Burhan, for the second time in less than a month, neglected the civilian governor of River Nile and West Darfur Sates. This is a negative signal.
- Member of the Sovereign Council, Lt. Gen. Yassir Al-Atta, who followed the appropriate protocol in his visit to Atbara in coordination with the Governor Dr. Amna, was unfortunately badly received by the revolutionary youth who didn’t allow him to deliver his speech, shouting for revenge on the perpetrators of the deadly dispersal of the sit-in.
His answer to the shouting youth was weird. He said: “One day and very soon you will receive me well and apologize to me”. This means he has vested information about the sit-in massacre which will absolve him of any accusation.
- Most of the external visits of the Presidents of Sovereign Council and his deputy are done without the involvement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Sometimes the visits touch on the important nerve of foreign affairs; normalization of relations with Israel for instance.
- The military component snatched two important dossiers of Peace and Finance from the civilian component.
- A protracted process of DDR of the troop of Juba peace signatories is expected.
- Coherence and allegiance of the cabinet members to the PM and his plans and programme are missing.
- Ambivalent, and sometimes contradictions, in the strategic foreign policies, aggravated by intervention from the top brass.
- A Sluggish processes of nominating the members of the Legislative Council, plus the astonishing reluctance, is decreeing the formation of 6 or 8 regions in fulfillment to Juba Peace Agreement together with the appointment of civilian government.
All of the above constitute a big hurdle in the road of the UNITAMS task, which is, in turn, a needed task as a prelude to the enthusiastic arrival of the international community to complete its mission and plans for making Sudan a sustained strong HUB; to protect geographical and food security of the region, and to the international peace security.