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Two Years since December: A Look Back

Mohammed Saad

It was not surprising, in light of the changes that took place in the region, that the change took place in Sudan according to the new system that beset the world.

After two years, the revolutionaries who kept the flame of protests burning in the streets of Sudanese cities for four months and protected their sit-in in front of the army leadership in Khartoum for about two months, found that they had accomplished half the revolution; If they celebrate her memory, be careful!

The city of Atbara in the north of the country ignited the Sudanese revolution on December 19, 2018, and then the Sudanese Professionals Association responded by leading and coordinating what was marked at the time with the stepping down processions that ended Omar Al-Bashir’s 30-year reign, on April 11, 2019.

The formula for the participation of the army in the transitional authority necessitated that the supporters of the revolution deal with a list of demands and slogans that were fulfilled and those that were delayed in their implementation.

With the dismantling of the main slogan of the revolution, “Freedom, Peace and Justice”, a long road, strewn with barricades, has grounded the revolution’s slogans in reality.

A division was noticed in the Sudanese street, between optimistic and angry, over the failure to implement the requirements for which the Sudanese revolution had emerged.

The economy has almost collapsed with the inflation that occurred in Sudan, in addition to the collapse of the national currency, in which the Sudanese pound reached 375 pounds against the dollar.

Experts Weigh In

Strategic expert, Dr. Yasser Al-Obaid, told Brown Land that Sudan has a great opportunity for economic growth, especially after removing its name from the terror list and having been exempted from its debts, which makes openness to the World Bank and foreign banks possible after more than 30 years.

He also says that there are many investors, especially from the Gulf countries, who have a sincere desire to invest in Sudan.

The complete collapse of basic services, such as electricity, fuel, and medicine, led to the complaining of the Sudanese, which led to the emergence of sporadic protests in some state capitals to protest the disastrous situation the country has reached, says Journalist Tijani Khidir Suleiman, one of the leaders of the street movement and a spokesman for the sit-in square.

Between Optimism and Disappointment

The revolution managed to extract fear from the hearts of the people and achieved street power feared by the ruling regimes.

The transitional government was able to return Sudan to the international community and changed Sudan’s external image. Within two years, freedoms were exercised without restriction despite the presence of the former regime’s elements in the police and security institutions.

The government of the revolution has not yet achieved the requirements for economic stability and has not implemented an emergency program, and the street has become distrustful of political parties and is looking forward to a national leader seeking to revive the country with a spirit of loyalty to the people and the country.

Parties quarrel over positions that have resulted in deterioration in services and weakness in leadership.

There is great hope for a better future. We are fully aware that all the ingredients for this are in place and Sudan can rise strongly and create a prosperous future for the state and its patient people who refuse to give in to failure or war at any cost.

Everyone knows the size of the challenges and dangers, but the revolution is guarded by its youth, resistance committees and a strong will to progress and prosper. There is no alternative to that, even if the government has to be changed several times.

Opening to the world does not mean handing over the country to economic colonialism that extorts resources, but rather to create economic cooperation and integration with the world, and this matter requires dealing within a bond without being submissive.

The Paris conference is a milestone of the success of the current government and not the success of the revolution.

But the revolution is successful by all standards, and if the current government cannot meet the requirements according to national loyalty first, it will go and the street will find more optimal solutions.

I trust in the will of our people and aspire to a decent life according to freedom, justice and peace.

Mohamed Wadaa, head of the Sudanese Baath Party, said that the revolution is still continuing within the being of the Sudanese people and that real change must be made before adding that, achieving justice does not need time like what was wasted, and that the economic state that has become fragile needs a quick review, and that the security situation after the peace agreement has deteriorated badly.

He said that the different partners in governance must agree in order for a change to happen, and that the situation in general needs to be reformed.

Ghazi Al-Raih, a political activist, says that the peace agreement is useless and did not address the concerned parties and did not touch the core of the real problem represented by those receiving the lion’s share in dealing with refugees, displaced persons, etc…

Only the heads of armed movements have benefited from it by assuming positions and gathering their armies in Khartoum, transforming it into a ticking time-bomb that may explode at any moment.

Ghazi said that the economic and health conditions are witnessing a deterioration that unlike any ever seen.

As for accountability and justice, none of the requirements of the revolution have been applied to them, adding that it is attributed to the absence of the Constitutional Court so far, and that there is no reform in the judiciary or the prosecution.

The Supreme Judicial Council was formed, and the commission has not been established except for the Corruption Commission, because it is one of the conditions for international support.

The agreements of Al-Hilu–Al-Burhan, and Al-Hilu—Hamdok, are considered a bypass of the transitional government, and it is rather the task of the constitutional conference, which has not yet been held, as these agreements must be submitted to a referendum and then implemented on the ground.

As for freedoms, Ghazi says that there are no freedoms.

Illegal detention is still in effect in Sudan, in addition to delaying the trials of members of the previous government.

Now the new government has been formed, and there is no reform to service, infrastructure, or energy, and no minister has come out to the people with a plan of action or otherwise.

Ghazi says that the solution is to rebuild Sudan from the ground up through real conferences, rather than the failed economic conference, to be the nucleus of the strategy to pave the way for the parties on clear strategies for the post-transitional period.

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