The UNITAMS argued that Sudan has entered with its right leg into the UN agencies, calling on Sudan to benefit from provided technical assistance, affirming that the mission is qualified to ease the transition to a democratic regime despite the crises facing the country.
It is true that there is a big difference between the UNAMID and UNITAMS, despite the fact that the two missions were established via UNSC resolutions under the supervision and administration of the UN.
UNAMID is of a military nature, established under Chapter Seven to protect civilians following the humanitarian violations, systematic killing, and the crimes committed by the ousted former Al-Bashir regime in some areas in Sudan, especially in Darfur.
UNAMID was imposed on Al-Bashir’s regime forcibly, and the latter surrendered to the status quo in response to the international community’s desire.
In the case of UNITAMS, it was the Sudanese transitional government which had requested its establishment and the UNSC issued its Resolution No. (2525), which stipulated the formation of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) and its duties.
Unlike UNAMID, UNITAMS has a civilian nature aiming at peace-building within the democratic transition from the 3-decade iron-fist totalitarian rule.
Observers see that the UNITAMS will succeed in achieving all the goals by utilizing the UN provided available logistics according to the datum of the UN Resolution No. (2525).
According to the UNSC Resolution, the UNITAMS will be a part of the UN agencies working under its law and internal regulations in order to assist in the political transition towards democratic rule including protecting human rights and sustainable peace.
The UNITAMS will also assist in bringing in the basic objectives of constitution-making and population census in preparation for the upcoming elections, whose date is yet to be determined.
There is a kind of mistiness and dimness towards the activities of the UNITAMS, as all what is infiltrated to the media is limited to some cordial visits here and there by members of the mission.
There are enormous questions which require transparent answers, such as what are the limits of the mission’s political intervention? To what extent will the UNITAMS work neutrally within the Sudanese divergent parties? Do the old friends of the mission who are responsible for bringing it over have the upper hand in implementing their policies?
I believe that the UNITAMS has practically started involving itself with important institutions under the umbrella of its special items.
The UNITAMS has already started conducting surveys and researches in the logistic requirements.
The question that poses itself is, will the UNITMS succeed in accomplishing the transition to democracy smoothly, or will it become a kind of smart neocolonialism to pass the agendas of western countries?
It is high time for the transitional government to make more clarifications on the mandate of the UNITAMS in terms of detailed regular circulars or newsletters in order to remove any lingering concerns of neocolonialism from the mission.