Shawgei Salah Ahmed
Islam is the second largest human religion currently on the planet. According to a study conducted in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion followers and constitutes about 24% of the world’s population.
Most Muslims are either from two sects: Sunnis (80-90%, roughly 1.5 billion people) or Shiites (10-20%, roughly 170-340 million people).
Islam is the predominant religion in Central Asia, Indonesia, the Middle East, South Asia, North Africa, the Sahel and some other parts of Asia. The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the largest number of Muslims in the world, surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.
Once again, the number of Muslims on the continent of Africa is about 1,148,173,347 billion people. In Asia, their number is about 447.042.815 million people, and in Europe they number 49,545,462 million, while both North and South America host about 9,704,062 million Muslims.
All of these groups will have a great impact in promoting sustainable development in the world by applying actions, customs and traditions that emanate from a deep belief in the Islamic religion, leading directly to the promotion of sustainable development in the world.
Islamic legislation in the month of Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr
One of the most important effects and contributions to sustainable development is feeding food and fighting hunger. During this month, the percentage of hunger decreases by a large percentage.
This is due to the honorable Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) instructing all Muslims to feed the fasting people, in his hadith ((Whoever gives food for a fasting person to break his fast, he will have a reward like theirs)).
One of the sustainable development goals that are achieved at very high rates in Islamic legislation is the elimination of poverty, as the percentage of the poor reaches the lowest possible level during Ramadan due to Muslims paying Zakat al-Fitr as per the direction of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.), who said: ((Spare the poor the trouble of asking for charity on that day)).
All the poor in the Muslim community are in need of asking for help due to poverty, so that they can feel joy like the rest of the people and forget the burden of poverty. The hadith instructs Muslims to spare the poor the burden of this asking.
On the health side, a recent study revealed that therapeutic fasting has a positive effect on human health and may protect the body from cardiovascular disease, arthritis and digestive system diseases.
A medical study showed that fasting has many positive effects on human health, among the most prominent of which is the prevention of chronic diseases, treatment for diseases of the digestive system and obesity. The Noble Prophet decided in this regard: ((Fast, become healthier)).
Health rates in their general form are better in the month of Ramadan, and thus the human race enjoys a period of improving the health of the body and soul.
In the field of peace, fasting refines the soul, and keeps people away from fighting and criminal tendency. Muslims during the period of fasting are in their best spiritual and psychological states, because the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) established the meaning of peace among Muslims by advising fasting Muslims to respond to insult or agitation with “Oh Lord, I am fasting”.
In the end, the collective and coordinated actions of humankind towards achieving a specific goal are often effective in achieving sustainable development, not only to Muslims, but to all human beings.
On the one hand, we find that many Muslims are very committed on the month of Ramadan, which generally leads to improved performance in many areas related to sustainable development.
However, after the end of the month of Ramadan, people return to their old habits and there is no obligation to reduce poverty and hunger, health deteriorates due to bad food habits, people return to criminal tendencies and the proportion of good deeds decreases.
What is required now is to acknowledge this valuable and wise Islamic legislation and encourage Muslims to abide by it for the sake of the good of the world and the hereafter.