Joint Security Force and the Challenges Ahead

Al-Sammani Awadallah

First Vice President of the Transitional Sovereign Council, and Chairman of the National Implementation Follow-up Committee for Juba Peace Agreement, 1st Lt. Gen. Mohamed Hamdan Daglo has issued a decree according to which Lt. Gen. Yassir Al-Atta was tasked with the formation of joint forces to restore and maintain security in the capital city (Khartoum) and other states.

According to the decision, the joint forces consist of the armed forces, the Rapid Support Forces, the police forces, the General Intelligence Service, the representative of the Attorney General, and the parties to the peace process.

The decision stipulated the mission and of the joint forces includes:

I. Setting an integrated vision to confront the insecurity and bringing about control.

II. Addressing the governors of the states to form joint forces in coordination with the competent military and security agencies (the security committee in each state)

III. Addressing the Ministry of Justice to issue the appropriate legislations for the work of those forces to provide the legal cover, besides banning the illegal recruitment of soldiers and the non-codified and fake plates vehicles.

IV. The joint force in the states could ask for reinforcement or logistics from the center

V. The peace signatory armed struggle movements are directed to control their combatants and determine their cantonment sites.

VI. The decision stipulated that the joint force have to carry out its duties, accompanied by the Public Prosecution.

The formed joint forces in greater Khartoum and states should start their mission immediately and forward their progress reports to the national committee.

All the concerned parties are directed to work following the decision.

The Defence and Security Technical Committee Meeting:

The said committee discussed the formation of a joint committee that could prevent the crimes in greater Khartoum and other states.

The meeting was chaired by Lt. Gen. Yassir Al-Atta in the presence of regular forces representatives, the peace agreement signatories from the armed struggle movements.

Rapid Support Forces in the meeting, Maj. Hen. Al-Khair Abdallah Idris said in press statements that the meeting was briefed by the Member of the Transitional Sovereign Council, Lt. Gen. Yasir Al-Atta on the importance of the decision issued by the 1st Vice President of the Sovereign Council, 1st Lt. Gen. Mohamed Hamdan Daglo who is the Chairman of the National Implementation Follow-up Committee for Juba Peace Agreement according to which a joint force is formed to prevent any insurgency or crimes in greater Khartoum and other states.

He added that the meeting also was briefed by the Director of Police authorities, Lt. Gen. Khalid Mahdi on the types and scale of crimes, pointing out that the Interior Ministry was tasked to prepare an integrated report on the means of forming the joint force and its supportive role to the regular forces considering that prevention of crimes and maintaining security is the core mission of the police forces.

He affirmed that the meeting emphasized the importance of coordination among the participating forces in greater Khartoum and other states to maintain security and bring about control besides promoting social security and peace.

The Obstacles Facing the Joint Forces:

SPLM-N leading figure, Dr. Mohammed Mustafa that the decision has stipulated the formation of a joint force representing the Sudanese Armed Forces, Rapid Support Forces, Police, and General Intelligence Service, but it did not mention the forces of the armed struggle movements and was replaced by saying representative of the peace signatory forces.

He added that the force of some of the peace signatory armed struggle movements don’t know even the alphabetic of military training because some of those forces signed on the Juba Peace Agreement without even having armed forces on the ground, so they restored to recruiting some unprofessional groups by giving them huge monies and military ranks.

This according to Mustafa is one of the obstacles in attaching elements from those forces in the joint force, but that doesn’t mean that all the armed struggle movements could not be represented in the joint force as there as some of those movements that have well-trained troops.

The SPLM-N leading figure, Dr. Mohammed Mustafa said that the proposed joint forces should be supported by the strong political and ethical will from the government, calling on the transitional government to pull out the troops which are labeled as ethnic groups from the conflicted areas and big towns and to be replaced by troops from other regions and not the same region to avoid ethnic clashes.

For his part, political analyst, Khidir Atta Al-Mannan said that the joint force could achieve the aspired stability because there is some difference in the security specializations and areas of authority within the regular forces working in this field.

He added that the existence of several security arms in Sudan has created a big problem that contributed to the present insecurity; so the joint force could lead to considerable stability but it will take time to allow for harmonization amid the components of those forces.

Atta Al-Mannan said that one of the problems of the formation of the joint force is that up to this moment there is no complete consensus on its formation as some parties and influential individuals do not want the formation of those forces because it contradicts their interests.

He believes that the joint force will contribute to achieving stability and maintaining security, but it might take some time, adding that the situation is a bit complicated because some armed struggle movements did not sign the peace agreement, affirming that despite that the proposed joint force will have its considerable contribution in bringing about control.

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