Shawgei Salah Ahmed
“Africa Agenda for the Year 2063”, which was opened in 2013, to promote integration and unity among African countries, through ten-year plans for five decades. We find that infrastructure has a central place in achieving these goals in its entirety, even if it is directly linked to the goal of unity and integration among countries in Africa.
According to the State of Africa’s Integration Report, the cost of the infrastructure development program in Africa is estimated at more than 360 billion dollars, while the total capital cost of the priority action plan during the period from 2012 to 2020, and was estimated at 68 billion dollars or 7.5 billion dollars annually. over the indicated period; According to the estimates of the African Union in 2011, according to the African Integration Report, the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program, concerning agricultural spending and sectoral growth, and the achievement of the Maputo goals, no less than 10% of the annual budget of the public sector has been allocated to agriculture, and what Not less than 6% per annum for consecutive sectorial growth.
Infrastructure investment depends on well-designed, well-established projects that both governments and private investors can confidently support. But at the global level, the preparation of such projects is weak. It’s no surprise, then, that actual infrastructure investment falls far short of demand—the resulting infrastructure gap is estimated at $1 trillion annually. And in the poorest developing countries, the situation is even worse: since 2012, these countries have seen an overall decline in private sector investment in infrastructure, leaving billions of people without basic services, such as electricity, clean water, and sanitation, the private sector to strongly engage in the success of projects that have a significant impact on sustainable development in Africa.
At the African level, there is a lack of courage, everyone wants quick results, and there is no patience for long-term projects due to the narrowness of the planners’ horizon or because of taking advantage of projects to promote winning elections, in addition to the biggest problem of lack of funding.
Sustainable development projects in Sudan, the highest priority:
As it is known that Sudan has a majority of the population working in the field of agriculture and pastoralism, so the highest priority is to strengthen the population and improve the economic situation through the two segments of farmers and herders, through the establishment of strong infrastructure projects for sustainable development that supports farmers and pastoralists, by following the method of integrated agriculture that includes basic concepts Such as (organization and planning, human and social capital, energy efficiency, water use and protection, climate change and air quality, soil management, crop nutrition, crop health and protection, animal husbandry, health and care, landscape and nature protection and waste management, pollution control) and so on, By integrating agriculture, animal production, agricultural manufacturing, and animal-based manufacturing.
These integrated agricultural projects depend on infrastructure in the construction of dams on the seasonal courses of rivers and valleys in eastern Sudan, central Sudan, western Sudan, through seasonal rivers such as (Gash River, Khor Tokar, Atbara River, Khor Abu Habel, Khor Barka, Bahr Al Arab River).
The seasonal valleys in Sudan are 40 valleys and their annual amount of water is about 6.7 billion cubic meters. The water collected in the Hafirs (artificial swamps) numbering 840, contains 26 million cubic meters of water (Wadi Al-Moqadam, Wadi Al-Malik, Wadi Azum, Wadi Hor, Wadi Sissi , Wadi Kaja), and many others, or the so-called water harvesting, which means (a morphological, chemical or physical process carried out on the ground to benefit from rainwater, whether directly by enabling the soil to store the largest possible amount of rainwater falling on it and mitigating The velocity of the excess runoff over it, this matter would contribute to reducing erosion, or indirectly, by collecting surface runoff water in a drainage and storage area that is not subject to erosion and using it for supplemental irrigation of crops, drinking, animal watering, or groundwater feeding).
Infrastructure projects in water harvesting to establish scientific projects for integrated farms is the solution to many problems in Sudan, through which it can effectively contribute to the fight against hunger and poverty by including many displaced people and refugees in stabilization projects, establishing new cities, enhancing industry and agricultural industrialization and strengthening the economy Increasing exportable products with high market value, in addition to the most important goal, which is to establish sustainable peace between farmers and herders and to stop tribal disputes that erupt due to the entry of shepherds into the farms.
In the end, the mentality that produces policies in Africa and Sudan needs to be reshaped to look at the overall goals and strategic goals of sustainable development in the long term and to search for an integrated solution that addresses diseases and not symptoms, and work is not for the sake of an individual, group or political incubator, but rather work For the sake of this country, and from here, the most important problems will be addressed, which is the inability to plan properly for the long term.