Ahmed Hassan Hurga
Sudan has set in motion a plan to create a political system responsive to the religious, cultural, and ethnic diversities putting the country on the road to full democratization. This is part of programs based on nationwide dialogue conferences, which produced proposals for making a system taking into consideration the vital interests of minorities and eradicating all symptoms of discontent. It is felt that people will get involved with more enthusiasm in reconstruction if they could expect more of a say in running their country.
The adoption of those programs created an atmosphere of stability and injected a sense of moderation in the turmoil of Sudanese politics. Those developments went hand in hand with changes that have been made to open up the economy and move towards privatization.
Following the economic reforms in all provided situations and concentrating on natural strategy identifying six areas critical of Sudan development. Infrastructure is at the top of the list. Roads and transportation in general and under modernization to open up more of the country for economic development. Running the country’s factories at high capacities and putting those not operating back to work are top priorities. There is great emphasis on the development of the basic industry to supply the manufacturing, transportation, and agricultural sectors with a domestic source of spare parts.
Boosting the nation’s exports remains a key goal, and Sudan is widening its scope to develop industries that have export potential. This area is wide open for foreign investors. Sudan is a country full of promises, foreign investors and overseas companies could be involved almost in every area, but agriculture remains to be the primary engine of growth. The aim is to achieve food self-sufficiency first, then to produce export crops to raise foreign exchange.
Investment in Sudan needs a strategic plan through which provides opportunity and allows foreign investors to hold long-term leases on agricultural land. If Sudan concentrates on the agricultural sector and utilizes all the potentials of agriculture no doubt it will be basket bread for regional and international arenas. The appropriate time is coming for reviving our national economy through agriculture because is considered the backbone for reviving and developing our economy and providing food to Arab, African and worldwide states. This depends on how to provide facilities for foreign investors and encourage them to join agricultural activities to create a common strategic partnership with those investors who enable them to play an important role in reviving our national economy.
The agricultural sector was ignored and it is not finding the lowest interest from the government it has been overthrown by the revolutionaries now who exerted efforts to the downed system of deep government that encouraged the spread of corruption which losing the confidence of the Sudanese people in the government.
Key to such investment is the expansion of Sudan’s ability to irrigate its land, and encourage the Sudanese farmers to join this activity with a strong will but this depends on how the facilities provided to them to join the agriculture in all parts of the country.
Sudan’s rain-dependent crops are areas open for investment. Sorghum ranks as Sudan’s leading export after cotton, other largely rain-dependent crops which include gum Arabic, sesame, and groundnuts. Generally, Sudan has the components of agriculture such as flat fertile lands without natural impediments and waters for irrigation the agricultural sector needs to find care and attention from all the Sudanese people in general and the upcoming government in particular.