Agriculture is The Main source of the National Economy

Ahmed Hassan Omer (Hurga)

Agricultural activity is considered an important economic source in Sudan and has played a crucial and pioneer role in propping up the state’s treasure with hard currency, particularly the cotton crop which represents the white gold and real oil.

The agricultural sector’s assistants are available such as wide fertile lands, free from the natural barriers, in addition to waters which also have played an important role in irrigation process and the climate diversify which assists in the diversification of growing crops. This activity was neglected by the state, and it doesn’t find a great concern, as we know that the agricultural activity is a foundation of refreshing the natural economy and is considered the main and first source for pushing it ahead.

The state depended on oil and neglected the agricultural sector whereas making farmers all over the country lose confidence in the agriculture process, this was reflecting negatively on the national economy’s growth which has confronted a great complicated challenge, and the effective solution for that the state should concern and gives this important sector attention because it is representing the cornerstone for refreshing the national economy.

If the state wants the national economy’s growth it should focus on agriculture, and has exerted a huge effort towards this vital sector and it knows that oil will drain away and finishing, but agriculture remaining and continuing. The agricultural sector needs development through technical and technology as long as all agriculture’s assistants are available and from this starting point, the state should pay attention and gives concern for this activity if it wants the turning back of the economy to its first line of conduct.

Not more than a decade ago, Sudan was widely regarded as the future breadbasket of the Arab world, a vast, fertile land with abundant water from the Nile watershed. International lenders and oil-rich Arab investors poured more than 2 billion American dollars into Sudan’s agricultural sector between 1975 and 1985, yet during this period, its farm productivity stagnated and export earnings declined. For a country in which 40 percent of the gross natural products and more than 90 percent of its export revenues come from agriculture, such a failure is a bitter one indeed. The failure of large-scale commercial agriculture in Sudan was evident even before the economic crisis, political instability, and natural disaster of the mid-1980s. of all the major agricultural projects started in the 1970s and early 1980s, not one can be said to have been a commercial success.

Sudan’s climatic conditions mainly the rainy seasons enable double annual harvests in July and November, most of the agricultural activities are concentrated near the Nile River. The El-Gezira irrigation system that is located between the white and Blue Rivers both rivers merge to form the Nile River is the most important agriculture project and according to some statistics, is also the largest artificially irrigated region in the world. As the irrigation system has been put in place, sorghum, wheat, and groundnuts have been planted instead of cotton to make Sudan self-sufficient in foodstuffs. The agricultural sector is the most important economic sector in Sudan. It created 39 percent of the gross domestic production employed about 80 percent of the population and contributed 80 percent of the country’s exports in the late 1990s. Cotton is the main agriculture export item, although its exports volumes have been decreasing recently.

Back to top button