Sudanese Meteorological Authority SMA declared recently that heavy rainfall is expected this season. The SMA warned that it may cause flash floods and floods in many areas of Sudan, called for joint efforts to avoid damages of the expected floods. It is important to take this news seriously and to dig down the roots of the problem. Floods threaten mainly those who live at the banks of the rivers.
There are many aspects of floods forecasting and warning. These include weather observations, dam operation information. Flash floods are the most dangerous kind because they combine the destructive power of a flood with incredible and predictably.
It is natural when feeling anger, damages become serious. Floods can happen anywhere in the world either in rich or poor developed or developing countries. It happens when the water level rises suddenly, faster than the ground can absorb. Floods make natural disasters all over the world.
Flash floods can happen with little or no warning, often giving families no time to prepare. It is caused by rapid excessive rainfall that rises heights quickly and rivers, streams, channels, or roads may be overtaken. They threat human life, cause damage to buildings and infrastructures, loss of crops and livestock. It can pick up and wash away cars, houses, bridges.
The damage and impact of floods are varied, substantial, and far-reaching. The immediate impact includes loss of human life, damage to properties, destruction of crops, and loss of animals. Floods can wash away trees as well as people and animals.
Heavy rainfall, floods, and flash floods as natural phenomena represent one of the major threats to human life and all communities. These floods can also lead to serious water-borne disease outbreaks like malaria. Medical intervention is needed in such cases. But before that, well planning to avoid this threat is so important. Flash floods
will never change its track, so the water harvest project is important to benefit from these huge amounts of water flowing towards rivers.
Sudan had been affected by heavy rainfall seasons centuries ago, the most known in 1946, 1988, and 1997. Sometimes the flow of water represents a real threat not only to human life but also to the government. So floods specialized research centers are needed. Coordination is important between the ministry of irrigation, water resources, and electricity, and other concerned bodies to set plans, policies, studies.
Or to activate the centers of metrology in the different parts of Sudan. The Transitional Government should take seriously the warns and press statements of the SMA to make ready for the expected heavy rain season. Awareness campaigns are necessary to explain the risks of living at the river’s banks. Often it takes years for communities to rebuild their houses and livestock.
The Prime Minister, Dr. Abdallah Hamdok last year pointed to the importance of water harvest projects as a way out to solve the lack of water in some areas of Sudan. Such press statements or formal speeches of top officials in the Government represent one of the challenges facing the government. Solving the annual floods threats needs strong political will. Joint efforts are important.