Sudan, with its modern formation as a state formed on a religious basis, is attested by the Mamluks and sultans that ruled it during the previous eras, until it ended with the borders of Sudan, the dear homeland before the year 2011 AD. That in detail.
The independent Kingdom of Kush was established in northern Sudan, whose capitals were (Karma – Napata – Meroe) and some temples organize religious life such as the god Amun (the father of the gods) and were worshiped by kings and this extended to include the organization of social and political life in the kingdom.
The Kingdom of Alwa and arose after the fall of the ancient Kingdom of Kush (about 350 BC) and its capital was Soba, and the Christian religion was taken as its reference.
The Nubian Kingdom of Makuria, which was located in the north of Sudan and southern Egypt… Christianity became its religion and its capital was (Dongola) and its borders included the Nuba region… That was at the end of the sixth century AD.
The Kingdom of Lower Etubia and the Kingdom of Beja were its pagan religion, and the Kingdom of Beja retained paganism until the Islamic conquest when it embraced the Islamic religion.
The Kingdom of the Dago in the twelfth century until the fifteenth century AD and its traditional African religion were said to be adherents of the Magian religion.
The Tangar Kingdom, which arose in the Middle Ages in Darfur from the twelfth century to the fifteenth century AD, and its traditional African religion and Islam
The Kingdom of Sennar or the Blue Sultanate, which arose in the year (910 AH 1504 AD) was a pagan Islamic kingdom, and by the year (1523 AD) the Islamic religion was officially adopted for the religion of the kingdom.
The Sultanate of Darfur was independent and was established from (160 to 1874 AD) and its religion was Islam.
The Kingdom of Al-Masabat was in the Kordofan region and arose during the fifth and sixteenth centuries AD.
The Islamic Kingdom of Taqli, which ruled throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries AD, and its religion was Islam.
If we contemplate the era of the Mamluks and sultans that ruled large parts of Sudan in different eras, we find that its reference is religious par excellence, and it is (pagan – traditional African – Christian Christian – Islamic) and it is from which the modern state of Sudan was formed…
Those who advocate secularism and the separation of religion from the state do not know That the conscience of this great people is based and saturated on the religious values and morals that organize its life in devotional rituals and its clear, social, and cultural customary relations…
Sudan is rich in its heritage and religious stock that extends throughout its parts from Sufi orders, sheiks, scholars, and Muslim and Christian clerics who did not and will not accept to rule otherwise
Many countries have intervened in Sudanese affairs and are still promoting their opinion strongly and want to impose the separation of religion from the state and secularism on the Sudanese people, even though these countries themselves have a religious background…
Rather, they included religion in their constitutions that govern them, and thus the Sudanese proverb applies to them (the sentences I do not see The crookedness of his neck) and another proverb (forbids creation and brings the like of it). My message to them is to implement that first in your countries and leave the others to choose the reference for their countries.
A More Distant Vision
We want the state of Sudan to have a religious reference with a permanent and comprehensive constitution in which a convert to any religion finds himself in it and has complete freedom of belief and worship and to organize his life according to this reference.. so that we do not call for what contradicts the facts of history and society.