The Early Elections…!

Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid

Regarding the serious difficulties that facing the transition period, some political voices are calling for early elections through which the people will delegate who will lead the country. But putting the matter up like this, and with this simplicity, means trying & repeating the experimenter that has failed in all the previous transition periods, and brought catastrophic results. However, given the state of the stumbling in transition, and the state of inability, sharp polarization, and hostility among the political forces, and if nothing appears on the horizon that can modify this situation, it seems that we can accept the early elections as the way out, but under the following principles:

• The election we mean is not the classic one in which the winner party implements its programs and visions. This is supposed to take place at the end of the transitional period after the completion of the constitutional conference. What we mean is continuing the transitional period, but through elected executive and legislative leaders. In other words, we are talking about special elections to choose the most capable person to implement the completion of the transitional period program, as well as monitoring the performance of the transitional organs, issuing legislation, and creating the necessary mechanisms in preparation for the general elections at the end of the transitional period.

• In preparation for this special election, all the forces of the revolution should agree, through a round table conference or any other mechanism, on a comprehensive charter that includes the unaccomplished tasks of the transitional period and what the constitutional document has not clarified or detailed regarding demands and slogans of the revolution. This charter is the standard program for all candidates, based on which the competitors compete in the election.

• For the success of this proposed special election, it is mandatory to establish the independent national commissions stipulated in the constitutional document, at least the commissions for peace, the reform of the justice and legal system, the transitional justice, the constitutional conference/ constitution-making, and of course the electoral commission.

• Simultaneously, we should start drafting the necessary laws and measures to organize the elections of local government councils (the municipals). These councils, in addition to their direct role in dealing with the citizen’s livelihood issues, can play a monitoring role, even towards the national government and the various transitional institutions.

Moreover, the voting in this local election depends on the direct knowledge of the qualifications of the candidate, being together with the voters in the neighborhood or locality, and not according to his/her party affiliation. From another angle, this local election is an excellent basic exercise in the process of building a democratic transition from the bottom up and can generate ideas that help in crystallizing which electoral system is appropriate for our country, instead of continuing to practice mental laziness and rushing to copy and paste the electoral experiences that may have been successful and appropriate for other countries, Like the Westminster experience as we discussed before. An electoral system that does not fit with the realities of our society will invite failure, and it is always confiscated with a disastrous alternative, as happened in previous transition periods.

Our country cannot tolerate the continuous social conflicts, ethnic tensions, the open-ended intrigues between the political forces, and the lack of development. The transition tasks cannot be accomplished by one faction or an alliance of certain factions, but rather it is the duty of all the forces of the revolution, without exclusion, and without the domination of any narrow affiliations, partisan or regional, at the expense of the homeland.

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