Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid
It is not the first time to hear about an attempted coup in Sudan that people were talking about some time before it happened. Last year, when the country was about to go for the lockdown due to the COVID19 pandemic, it was reported in the newspapers that “a source in the Military Intelligence, revealed that the Islamists in the army were planning a military coup known to some members of the Sovereignty Council!”. Also, a report issued by the Israeli Center for National Security Studies said that the Alliance of Freedom and Change is planning, in coordination with military militias, to overthrow the militaries in the transitional government! And it will invest in the presence of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) to dismantle the Sudanese military institutions and build new ones! As for the recent coup attempt, last Tuesday, we heard about it two weeks earlier when a well-known media blogger wrote on her official page that a reliable source in the army confirmed to the page that an imminent coup attempt is expected!
Regardless of the nature of the attempt or the intentions of the actors, and whether it was a real coup, a fabrication, a rehearsal, or a protest within the army…etc., I do believe that we should treat it as a real initiation of a military coup. In my view, this approach begins with the recognition of two facts: A- The failed attempted coup was not directed against the transitional civilian government; rather it was targeting to abort the December revolution. B- The attempt showed clearly that within the army some officers do not believe in the revolution and the civil democratic transformation, otherwise, they would not have gone to the option of a coup!
I think this second fact gave a strong reason to review and reform the situation within the military institutions. In my opinion, the repetition of the coup attempts, even if the attempt was just a protest and a warning, as was said, is a refuting argument for those who reject the idea of reforming the military sector. However, it is true that reform is not limited to the military organs only, but also should include other civilian areas related to the political situation in the country, the performance of many relevant ministries, the creation of a healthy relationship between civilians and the military, and to build a consensus on the military doctrine for the army that believes in democratic transformation and the peaceful transfer/exchange of power, …etc. Of course, the military and security sector reform is a big issue. It cannot be tackled through open unguided discussions on the newspapers and other media sites, but rather through a serious dialogue in which the spirit of harmony and cooperation prevails, not a hostile atmosphere. And till that happens, I think the top priority right now is to completely getting rid of the Ingaz elements from the military and the civil state institutions.
Since its dazzling victory on June 30, 2019, the Sudanese revolution has faced the danger of sowing discord between its backup forces and between the components of the transitional period leadership, in preparation for its detonation from within and onslaught on it. Today, this danger has gone beyond the stage of latency and moved to direct attack, taking advantage of several factors, including that the revolution has dismantled only the political head or cover of the ousted Ingaz regime, while its remaining body that it built in thirty years is still present, coherent and continue controlling the operating systems of the Sudanese state. (To be contd.)