Civilian and Military Partners are Equally Responsible

Omer B. Abu Haraz

At the onset of the success of the December 2018 revolution in ousting an autocratic Islamic regime that stayed in iron-fist 30 years rule, two partners, shouldered the responsibility of transforming the governance of Sudan to a full democratic civilian sustainable system. The military partner immediately formed a military council to take care of rule till the formation of a civilian government.

After painstaking negotiations between the civilian incubator, Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC), and the Military Council a Constitutional Document was ratified and signed by the two partners in the presence of distinguished Presidents of Egypt, Tchad, Uganda, S. Sudan, and the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed who played a pivotal role in the negotiations between the two partners till reaching a final draft of the Document.

The ratification ceremony was on August 17, 2019.

The Constitutional Document included:

  • Transitional Period of 39 months as of August 17, 2019. The Presidency of the Sovereign  (6 civilians and 5 militaries) to be rotational, the first 21 months for the military and the second 18 months for civilians.
  • Forming a Council of Ministers to be nominated by the FFC, except the ministers of Defence and Interior left to the military council to nominate ministers.
  • Council of Ministers to be fully responsible for assuming all executive duties to run the governance including peace negotiations with the Armed Struggle Movements. It is also responsible for the economic reform which includes an urgent program of alleviating the hardships of the citizens created by the scarcity in basic commodities, sky-rocketing prices, deterioration of services in power, water, healthcare, and education.

The military partner is entirely responsible for the protection of the country within its borders and the safety and security of its citizens.

It is also responsible for the immediate quelling of the sporadic deadly confrontations among the tribes especially in the west and east of the country which led to the killing of innocent civilians, further displacements, and blocking of life-line highways

Both partners, unfortunately, failed to deliver 90% of their specified duties. Each partner succeeded in only one aspect of their numerous duties.

The civilian partner succeeded in rejoining the international community by the courageous step of lifting subsidies and floating the currency. This step stabilized the national currency to its real value, removed scarcity of fuel, cooking gas, bread, and sugar. Lifting subsidies immediately stopped the bleeding of loss of dear foreign money by the demise of the activities of the smugglers of subsidized goods and dollar dealers.

The civilian partners failed to address the additional agony to the poor people who took the brunt of the side-effects of taking the IMF recipe. The government failed to complement the correct decision of lifting subsidies with the direct suspension of reaching the needy with the money availed by donors (US$800 million) since February 2021. It created a fund called –Thamarat – which failed till now to reach the poor.

Now all people are resenting the high prices of commodities, the unbearable power outages, water supply shortages, scarcity, and the long absence of education institutions.

Similarly, the military partner succeeded in regaining and protecting the East border.

It failed to protect the citizens in their lives and belongings. Now, vandalism, armed robberies, and looting are commonplace in the streets of the capital. Highway blocking, especially in the east, is repeatedly happening. Tribal deadly confrontations are resurfacing. Organized gangs of street robbers are roaming many parts of the capital.

So, each of the two partners of the revolution, clearly failed in most of their assigned duties.

The dreadful scenario which is around the corner is widespread resentment of poor people who couldn’t make an end of low incomes meet with satisfying the needs of their families coupled with lack of personal safety.

This when reaching the critical mass will lead to a military coup which brings back Sudan to square one and revitalization of the vicious circle of long military autocratic rule and short civilian democratic governance.

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