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The Productive Forces and the Economic Policies

Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid

In dealing with the economic crisis in Sudan, I think the transitional government is focusing on financial management only while the best approach, I believe, is to address the root causes of the crisis represented by the stalling of production and the low level of value-added products of the Sudanese products, whether they are agricultural, animal or mineral. This attitude of the government will accelerate the aggravation of this crisis and will leave the political and social dilemmas unresolved. To remedy this situation at this sensitive stage in the history of our country, it is of paramount importance to unite the masses in the production sites with the support and declared policy for creativity and innovation to speed up the wheel of the production. Here comes the involvement of the “productive forces”, which represent the basis of the modern state economic policy, as a key role in getting out of the economic crisis and establishing sustainable economic growth.

Today, any ideas and practical moves to change, develop, build and establish structures and rules, whether they are of a political or economic nature, stem from the dynamic political, economic, and social interactions of the productive forces within the society. The politics and development of the renewable energy economy, the cooperative banking economy, the cooperative economy in general, the digital economy, or the so-called “new economy” in the developed countries, all are the resultant of these interactions. The opposite of this dynamic interaction can be seen in the regimes that relied on the bureaucratic apparatus as a tool to push forward economic and social development. The experiences of these regimes in the previous century demonstrated the limitations of the bureaucratic apparatus’s ability to be a tool for creativity and to ignite and cause dynamics in economic and social development.

Although China is officially a socialist state ruled by a one-party system, the transition from a bureaucratic economic system to a market economy system was decided by the political apparatus with the participation of the productive forces represented in labor and administrative organizations within the national companies and the cooperative societies in the agricultural sector in particular. The transition to a market economy is a political goal through which China aims to increase the rate of economic growth and raise the living standards of the citizens by building an active society in the state’s economy and subservient to a policy of involving the productive forces in formulating economic policy, supporting its productive activity financially, and protecting its products from the foreign competition.

According to the partnership practices in economic policy in the developed countries and the experience of modern China, the dynamism and sustainability of economic and social development depend on the ability of the political system, governments or parties, to interact with the outputs and the requirements of the economic process within the community, by creating frameworks and institutions that support the development of these outputs, whether they are in the form of technological development, advocacy for climate and environment protection, consumer protection, or support for the establishment of a cooperative sector.

After thirty years of the Ingaz rule that was based on a monopolistic economic policy and the empowerment of a narrow group, Sudan lacks any broad and effective popular production base that is intertwined or involved with or in the political and economic organizations of the society, the parties, employers’ unions, or the cooperatives. This situation constitutes a major obstacle to the involvement of the productive forces in drawing up the economic policies as the case in China & the developed countries. (To be cont.)

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