Since the April 11 coup, 2018, and the overthrow of the dictatorship of Omar al-Bashir’s regime, the civilian government in Sudan has been facing obstacles and challenges to achieve the slogans raised, and the promises and donations made by the international community to support the transitional period have gone unheeded, without achieving what is required on the ground.
The Sudanese citizens fulfilled all the World Bank’s conditions to reform the Sudanese economy, as the government worked to implement all that is required to achieve the aspiration of its people, but it seems that those reforms were not met by the World Bank with the same seriousness, which exacerbated the crises in Sudan and the number of poor people increased. The immediate measures are taken by the government, such as supporting the poor families’ program, which was launched with international support, did not succeed.
Due to those failures, the Sudanese citizens are living in unpreceded horrible living conditions as the price hikes continued it sky-rocketing a matter that makes it impossible for the ordinary citizen to meet his basic needs.
The International Community Role:
The Sudanese citizens as well as the citizens were waiting for the flow of donations and support from the international community to overcome this critical stage, but there were no serious movements from the donors a matter that forced thousands of Sudanese to migrate to neighboring countries.
Eastern Sudan Crisis:
The Sudanese government failed to resolve the Eastern Sudan crisis and all the regional and international mediations did not pay off due to the insistence of the protestors to cancel the Eastern Sudan Path, which was agreed on in the Juba Peace Agreement signed between the government and the armed struggle movements last year.
The crisis revealed the weak role of Sudan friends and neighbors who failed to mediate through contacting the parties of the crisis, especially of blocking the highway linking the main port of the country with other parts.
Some of the regional parties played a negative role to serve their interests irrespective of the harm caused to the transitional government.
The Required Resolutions:
There are differences between the views of the government and those who opposed the Eastern Sudan Path.
But the demand of canceling the Eastern Sudan Path stipulated in Juba Peace Agreement will open the door for other groups to call for reconsidering the other paths a matter that threatens the peace process as a whole, while the government considers that resolving the Eastern Sudan crisis could be politically afar from any military intervention, so it is important to sit round negotiations table and disregarding the exchanged accusations.
It is high time for both parties to sit around the negotiations table and to provides all possible concessions with the help of Sudan friends as mediators to overcome the crisis and implement the items stipulated in the Juba Peace Agreement to avoid any other similar crisis in other paths.