Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid
The repercussions of the catastrophe that exacerbated and erupted in Sudan after the twenty-fifth of the October coup are still clouding the skies of the country. People remain anxious, and souls remain bewildered, looking for a glimmer of hope. While the return of Dr. Hamdok to his duties as prime minister without reappointment or taking a new oath was a very important and crucial step to defeat the coup, still other crucial measures are needed to undo the coup measures and to defeat its catastrophic repercussions so that the train of the revolution can continue its course to the goals of the civil democratic transformation. Some of these measures are the release of all the political detainees everywhere in the country, an urgent investigation into the excessive violence and killings that the anti-coup processions have been subjected to, to stop the infringement on the basic freedoms and human rights, reviewing all the decisions taken by the coup makers, mainly the dismissal of hundreds of civil servants and the reappointment of the Ingaz supporters…etc.
It is noticeable that the brother Prime Minister has begun to implement these measures, and he needs all of us to support and assist. One of the top priorities now is to agree on a new political document that governs the relationship between civil and military forces and defines precisely the priorities for the remaining phase of the transitional period, taking into consideration the mistakes of the past two years and the repercussions of the current crisis. This document should be drafted by the political and civil forces after exercising wide consultations among all actors, including the resistance committees. I think we need to hurry up with this process to re-establish the transitional institutions including the cabinet of the independent competencies. However, after the twenty-fifth of the October events, business can never be as usual.
Along the same direction, a consensus is needed to amend the constitutional document to address this new situation. The essence of these amendments is how to achieve democratic transformation and civil rule. In this regard, it should be noted that the current Sovereignty Council imposed by the military leaders does not enjoy political or legal approval and recognition. A new composition of the council must be reconsidered through consultations with the civil and political forces. I think it is high time to consider the proposal of reducing its membership number to only five or seven members, representing the civilians, the military, and the parties to the Juba peace agreement.
Besides confirming the complete abolition of the institution of the political detention, and investigating the human rights violations including the killings of the protesters, and reviewing all recent dismissals and appointments in the civil service, the following tasks are among the main priorities of the government during the remaining two years of the transitional period: to continue the dismantling of the ousted regime, to immediately engage in the peace process with the SPLM and the SLM, to take very serious measures to address the ongoing war in Darfour and the crisis in Eastern Sudan, to establish the Constitutional Commission and convening the constitutional conference, to establish the electoral commission and to start the preparations for the general elections, to continue the economic reform measures.
We do believe that in this current crisis, there will be no winner, but there is a bigger loser, Sudan and its people. This situation screams at us to forget, or postpone, our political differences to get our country out of the pit it fell into.