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Urgent Measures Needed!

Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid

Many initiatives were launched in the Sudanese political domain to address the current crisis in the country.  All these initiatives share a greatest common denominator that has two components, but unfortunately, the second one is still without concrete substance. The first component is well written and well-articulated in almost all the initiatives. It strongly refuses the 25th October coup, and it calls for the cancelation of all the measures and decisions taken by the coup authorities, the dissolution of the civil-military partnership, the cancellation of the constitutional document agreed upon in 2019, and to replace it with a new constitutional document, or a transitional constitution, that establishes transitional governance structures that work to achieve the goals of the revolution as stipulated in the revolution charter.

The second component of the greatest common denominator is the fact that all these initiatives are lacking the mechanisms and the necessary practical action planes needed to diffuse the current acute crisis and to accomplish the tasks mentioned in the first component to take the transitional period back to its natural path towards liquidating all the pockets of the ousted Ingaz regime, restoring the democratic transformation process, and implementing all the required measures to prevent the collapse of the country.

I do believe that the treatment of the current crisis in the country could fall into two stages, an urgent intervention stage followed by a second elective one. The objective of the urgent intervention is to stop the ongoing coup and to establish a civilian-led government that should work quickly to avoid the pitfalls of the economic and security collapse. In my opinion, the substance of this urgent intervention is to go to direct or indirect negotiation between the civilian and the military. It is a sole Sudanese process that needs support but not direct involvement from external actors. This process, in my opinion, should be based on three principles:

  • Not to repeat the failing civilian-military partnership.
  • All the transitional political structures including the sovereign council if any, the cabinet, and the commissions are to be led by civilians.
  • The security and defense issues are to be tackled by the military in the Security and Defense council that composed of the military and the high-rank civilians including the Prime Minister and the concerned ministers.

The features of the first phase, although critical and urgent, are not yet clear, I do believe that all of us should have a role in exerting every possible effort today, before tomorrow, to draw up a roadmap to address this critical immediate stage. It is very clear that such a task that requires a combination of courage and broad-mindedness.

The second elective stage should immediately follow the urgent one. Its objectives are

  • To establish the needed pillars for the agreed deal reached in the first stage.
  • To launch a process of comprehensive dialogue through a round-table mechanism, seeking to adopt specific projects, plans, and detailed programs that link how to eliminate tyranny, curb oppression, defeat the causes of war, decipher ignorance, starvation, and inequality, to link all that with a positive response to the demands of the street and the slogans of the December revolution.

This comprehensive dialogue process is what the UN initiative is seeking and working for under the leadership of UNITAMS.

What is encouraging in this regard is the fact that UNITAMS has almost completed a series of consultative meetings with all stakeholders in the country, and a comprehensive report on the results of these meetings is being prepared and expected to be declared within the few coming days.

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