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A Failed Transitional Period

Omer B. Abu Haraz

By all measures or assessments, the current transitional period is a failed one. It was preceded by two successful transitions from a military autocratic rule to a full-fledged democratic rule.

Unfortunately and sadly enough the democratic civilian rule did not last long in Sudan. In 66 years after independence, only 14 years were civilian rules including 2 years of transition.

That is to say only 12 years out of 66 years were governed by political parties. Kind of a vicious cycle was created and passed unnoticed (short civilian governance removed by long governing autocratic military rule). Till now and after the gallant revolution of December 2018, politicians are still right inside the same box.

The box of failed parliamentary systems was inherited from the British colonization (1898 – 1956).

The reason for the vicious circle of governance in Sudan is the unstable system of governance. The most important prerequisites for the parliamentary system are literacy, education, and awareness. The three are not prevailing in Sudan.

60% of people are illiterates, in poor education environment outside Khartoum, and forfeiture of freedom rights during the autocratic rules dampened the awareness of people. This failed system of Sudan cannot be tried again to speedy generate a military coup. As Albert Einstein said, “Insanity is repeating the same mistake and expecting different results.”

Now we are in a third transitional period since independence. The first two passed successfully by general elections and immediate withdrawal of the military from the political scene.

We are now in the third transitional period which started three years ago since the ousting of the Salvation regime on April 11th, 2019. It is staggering and lurching on the feet of the absence of the original non-partisan body – the Sudanese Professional Association (SPA) struggle of power-sharing after the Juba Peace Agreement and finally by the unfortunate coup of October 25, 2021.

The short nutshell assessment of the reasons for the failure of the third transitional period is:

  • The unfortunate option of a long transitional period.

Unlike the previous two periods which were only one year followed by-elections and withdrawal of the military from the scene of governance.

  • The struggle of Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) for power seats especially after the ratification of the Juba Peace Agreement in October 2020.

Both the FFC elements and signatories of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) made distorting amendments to the agreed upon Constitutional Document (CD) signed on August 17, 2019, by allowing the participation of political parties and Arm Struggle Movements (ASM), in the transitional governance. This was the second nail in the coffin of the transitional period.

  • The other groups who were leftover and did not enjoy a bite of the governance seats opted to side with the civilian partners.

The gap started widening till it reached the climax of a military coup on October 25, 2021, against the FFC.

Since then the gallant Resistance Committees took the lead in the December 2018 revolution from the shattered FFC, staging protracted rallies and demonstrations in the streets of Khartoum and many other big towers.

  • FFC by its wrong immature doings lost control of the rein of the masses. It is extremely difficult to regain leadership.

By this, the third transitional period is a failed one. The only way left is to sit with the RCs and agree on a short one-year new transitional period the scene of which is a non-partisan council of ministries running all governance activity and preparing for general elections based on the Presidential System of wide authority and a parliament to monitor the wide authority.

In the Presidential System, the youth who are in the streets and the other youth all constitute 67% of the population of Sudan.

The Presidential System is a Golden Chance for them to consolidate their efforts in Sudan to rally the youth around one candidate for Presidency. He will stand a good chance to win in the first election or will win in the second election.

Parliamentary System proved to be a fiasco that should not be tried again.

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