Is Sudan Slipping Towards Being a Stateless State?!

Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid

When the state institutions are disrupted and unable to perform their well-known tasks, or when parallel institutions working behind the scenes are marginalizing the state institutions and performing their tasks, and when the constitution and the laws are constantly violated, their existence becomes meaningless, and the state is run according to whims and interests of the ruling group, and when the citizens lack security and safety in their own country and are not confident that the state’s institutions will provide them with protection, and when the ruling group does not pay attention to its citizens who are suffering from epidemics, civil war, poverty and destitution to the degree of starvation, and when the citizens are felt alienated towards the state and are retreating to the tribe and clan in search of security and safety, so that the concept of the tribe or robs the concept of the state…

When these manifestations, and many others, appear in a state, then it is said that this state is heading towards the situation of the Stateless State. I think Sudan is approaching this situation as we witness the clear deterioration in its political, economic, security, and humanitarian aspects of life.

The December 2018 revolution was indeed struggling to pull Sudan out of this path that had been forged by the defunct Ingaz regime, but it seems that today our country is being pushed to return to the same path, in the absence of any political process that would bring the country back to the agreed transitional path, to the extent that our worries are not only the instability of the country but its presence as an entity on the map of Africa.

Once again, and regardless of the slogans of the three “Nos” and the overthrowing of the current regime, today Sudan needs an urgent comprehensive political process to stop it from being sliding into the horrific “stateless state”. This political process must necessarily be owned and led by the Sudanese themselves, as stated in the report of the UNITAMS.

It should be noted here that any political process, regardless of the richness and value of its content, cannot succeed unless it is launched in an enabling environment and appropriate atmosphere.

This includes stopping violence against peaceful protests, releasing all the political detainees, lifting the state of emergency, and observing other confidence-building measures. All of these requirements are the responsibility of the ruling authority.

In this context, it must be said that the recent decision of the authority to dissolve the universities boards and to dismiss the vice-chancellors, in addition to its illegality, fuels suspicions that the ruling authority does not want to create that appropriate atmosphere, nor does it is willing to get into the desired political process to address the current crisis in the country.

I do believe that in the lack of political will among the Sudanese political forces to launch such a political process, the most capable tool is the joint and integrated effort by UNITAMS, AU, and IGAD. Of course, such effort will also be useless and worthless, If it is not guided by the sanctity of the principles of the December Revolution, the sanctity of commitment to the path of democratic transformation, and the human rights as stipulated in international charters and covenants, and in accordance with what was stated in the Bill of Rights in the Constitutional Document of 2019.

We shouldn’t waste this opportunity, and instead of bickering and showing hostility towards UNITAMS, we should cooperate with it. However, if there is a loser, it will be the homeland.

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