Pragmatic Safe Way-out

Omer B. Abu Haraz

Resolving the current impasse in Sudan became more difficult the nearer we come to it.

This fluid situation is created by three elements:

  • Continuous youth rallies in the capital and other cities wielding adamantly the slogans of a New Sudan free of any military presence in the governing bodies, free of the old historic or ideological parties. The youth are the prime movers against military coups, especially the 25th October coup. They are also steadfastly calling for speedy disclosing of the investigation report of the deadly dispersal of the sit-in around the Army H.Q. on June 3rd, 2019.
  • The deep split in the components of the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) which is now in complete disarray strengthened the grip of the military component.

This second element is bolstered by the sluggish implementation of the controversial Peace Agreement of Juba. The presence of the armed groups of the Arm Struggle Movements in Khartoum, Darfur, Blue Nile, and South Kordofan is posing a threat to the peace and security of Sudan. In Darfur, the situation is almost back to the civil wars which erupted in 2003.

East Sudan Bija Front categorically rejects the East Track of Juba Peace Agreement, threatening to block the East Region.

  • The third element is the newly created Trio to broker an agreement between the military and civilian components. The new Trio -UNITAMS, AU, and IGAD – are not in harmony and have a lot of differences. The AU representative is accused of leaning to one side of the equation. INITAMS leader, Dr. Volker is genuine in fulfilling his mandate of Assistance in the Transition to civilian Democratic rule. He is being repeatedly criticized by the military component and its civilian alliance of the FFC (Charter faction) and the relics of the ousted regime, They are asking for the expulsion of Volker and aborting the UNITAMS mandate.

I call for the Trio, the military, and the civilian components to entertain the following safe exit:

Agree on two transitional periods. The first is a short year-long in which a non-partisan government rules with a military council whose responsibility is the security and safety of the country with only one commander in the palace as president with limited authority in the executive rule, the rest of the members to be in their military units.

The one-year government to run the government and set a timed schedule to hold presidential elections under the supervision of the Trio. Presidential elections do not need time or money.

The president was elected to govern for three years as a second transitional period. He is to nominate a non-partisan prime minister and ministers.

In this second transitional period, the military will return to their units and political parties to prepare for general parliamentary elections after the elapse of the second transitional governance. So, the major mandate of the elected president is to prepare for general elections for a parliament whose ultimate goal is the adaption of a permanent constitution.

This proposal means: revoking the current constitutional document and drafting a new one based on this proposal.

This nutshell proposal can easily be broken down into a detailed manifesto acceptable to all.

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