World Refugee Day

Idress Osman

World Refugee Day is observed each year on 20th June in order to commemorate the obstacles faced by refugees across the world. World Refugee Day was commemorated by the United Nations since 2001 and more 100 nations observe this day each year. Refugee Day honors the plight of asylum seekers and it also encourages government globally to take action in order to improve their lives with with various lives with various programs.

The Theme of World Refugee Day 2022 theme is whoever, whatever, whenever. Everyone has got a right to seek safety. This year’s theme focusses on the right to seek safety and means that every refugee must be welcomed as well treated with dignity irrespective of their birthplace, origin, religion or race.

Every minute 20 people leave everything behind to escape war, persecution or terror. There are several types of forcibly displaced persons.

A refugee is someone who fled his or her home and country owing to “a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion”, according to the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention. Many refugees are in exile to escape the effects of natural or human-made disasters.

Asylum Seekers

Asylum seekers say they are refugees and have fled their homes as refugees do, but their claim to refugee status is not yet definitively evaluated in the country to which they fled.

Internally Displaced Persons

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are people who have not crossed an international border but have moved to a different region than the one they call home within their own country.

Stateless Persons

Stateless persons do not have a recognized nationality and do not belong to any country.

Statelessness situations are usually caused by discrimination against certain groups. Their lack of identification — a citizenship certificate — can exclude them from access to important government services, including health care, education or employment.


Returnees are former refugees who return to their own countries or regions of origin after time in exile. Returnees need continuous support and reintegration assistance to ensure that they can rebuild their lives at home.

The day is important for refugees shines a light on the rights, needs and dreams of refugees, helping to mobilize political will and resources so refugees can not only survive but also thrive. While it is important to protect and improve the lives of refugees every single day, international days like World Refugee Day help to focus global attention on the plight of those fleeing conflict or persecution. Many activities held on World Refugee Day create opportunities to support refugees.

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