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Weekly Roundup : Sudan and COP27

Muawad Rashid

In his address to the Climare Change Conference (COP27), President of the Transitional Sovereignty Council, 1st lt.Gen. Abdul Fattah Al-Burhan pointed out to the impacts of the climate change in the food security of Sudan referring to the waves of displacement and the internal population demographic changes which led to armed conflicts over the declining resources.
We all recall the honest statements of former United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki Moon who subjected the Darfur civil war to the climate change and the draught that hit the region in the early years of the eightieth of last century.
The call of Ban Ki Moon was an alarm bell to the international community to provide all possible support to Sudan to enable it overcome the crisis.
It is apparent in the recent years that the traditional rain-fed projects were declining considerably due to the climate change and draught considering that almost two thirds of Sudan’s population depends on traditional rain-fed agricultural projects.
It is high time for the concerned authorities to work out a plan to address and deal with the issue in a way that makes all the social categories effectives and positive in preserving environment.
We are sure that there are scientific studies on the possibility of making Sudan qualified to become the region’s food basket despite the climate change through utilizing the waters of the reainy season to the maximum in agriculture.
There are several environment-related civil society organizations which could be supported from the government, regional and international institutions to enable it contribute in the global efforts to reduce the climate change damaging effects.

Climate Change Issues and Policy Options

Sudan faces land degradation, temperature increases, frequent droughts and floods, erratic rainfall, and locust invasions, which have lowered agricultural output, slowed GDP growth, and destroyed livelihoods. Drought and floods are taking out 20% of the harvested area each year, and cause deaths of thousands of livestock. Climate risks are aggravated by unsustainable exploitation of natural resources and weak institutional and human capacities. Sudan ranked 174 out of 180 countries on the 2019 Country Index of the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative and 11 on the 2021 GCRI. Sudan is party to UN initiatives on climate change and environmental conservation, and has established national institutions, laws, and regulations. Its transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient development is guided by its 2021 National Adaptation Plan and NDC strategy. The Plan’s interventions, also mainstreamed in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2021– 23, include 20% RE generation by 2030. Sudan requires $12.88 billion to mitigate climate change over 10 years, but spends an average of $23.3 million annually, which calls for larger resource mobilization to bridge the huge financing gap of about $1 billion a year. Sudan is therefore unlikely to achieve SDG 13 on climate action by 2030.

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