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Seven Days Truce

Dr. Al-Rashid Muhammad Ibrahim
Professor of International Relations
Sudan Center for Studies and Combating Terrorism.


The viewer of the short-term ceasefire agreement signed in Jeddah on 5/20/2021 AD. He started his editorial with support for the sovereignty of Sudan, its territorial integrity, and the safety of its people, and this has practical and operational significance and value when we analyze the state into its basic elements, land, people, and government, and it serves a strategic goal for the government negotiator when it comes to talking about state institutions, of which the military institution cannot be bypassed, especially if we know that the nature of the agreement is Humanitarian, military and security, and there is no room for talking about political issues, which are outside the mandate of the government military delegation.

Reassure and include

Sovereignty, its meaning is Sudan for the Sudanese, and its concept is the independence of the national decision from any external influences, whether in politics, economics, or military, security-related action.
With his unity, security, and people.
An important entry point for reading and analyzing the agreement is that it was taken from the first humanitarian declaration signed in Jeddah as a basic reference for the subsequent agreement. The rebels have the right to any future arrangements, and it does not have any legal effect on which a new situation can be based.

  • The core idea of ​​a cease-fire *. It boils down to ensuring the flow of aid and humanitarian work.
    The second paragraph is concerned with organizing the war and protecting civilians, meaning the evacuation of hospitals, water, and electricity stations, and the evacuation of homes and homes of citizens that were occupied by the rebel Rapid Support Forces, which practically means liquidating the presence of the rebellion in the capital, Khartoum. Life is on the citizens, given that this has become a tool of the rebellion in managing the battle after the transformation of their forces into gangs of armed robbery and plundering of defenseless citizens, which explains the popular support for the army and the mass rejection of the Rapid Support rebels and the cheers and ululations of citizens for the army’s movements and their engagement with them in cities and neighborhoods while the rebels do not enjoy With this acceptance, the citizen’s reaction when the rebel cars pass by is to hide and flee at first sight.
    interferes and overlaps Agreements such as the case of Sudan are always accompanied by two main problems. The first is related to the interpretation of texts, especially those that are general and comprehensive. Thus, a state of discrepancy and ambiguity occurs that makes it difficult to resolve their controls and understand their meanings. Therefore, conflict resolution agreements accompany them with an annex protocol for interpretation and adjusting terminology to understand them in their correct context.
    The agreement fell into this trap when it did not specify the areas of control of the parties on the ground. Does it include hospitals, neighborhoods, citizens’ homes, fruit and vegetable markets, factories, and schools, which are the areas where the rebel Rapid Support Forces are located? The agreement was silent on how the rebel forces would leave the vital facilities, except that there would be secret annexes that regulate the process of evacuation and the safe exit of the rebel forces. The second problem in the agreement is related to the implementation and monitoring mechanisms on the ground. The mediation has indeed established a coordination mechanism to monitor the short-term ceasefire between Saudi Arabia and the United States. However, it focused on the parties and made them among the tools to monitor the truce. This is a mistake to make the party the opponent and the judge, especially for the rebels who are concerned about not taking citizens as human shields, and they are the weaker party whose supplies are cut off and its forces besieged. Hence the breach of the armistice loophole.
    The other defect is represented in the dependence on mechanisms for monitoring the short-term ceasefire on satellite technology, and this may open the door for bias, manipulation, the exercise of greed, and dictating conditions to the Sudanese state represented by the armed forces. A job to support the rebels of the SPLM with arms, combat equipment, and foodstuffs, so the spirit was breathed into them after their death, and here comes the internationalization through the UN Security Council to achieve the American and Western project, and what are the attempts of Volcker and the parties and parties allied with the rebel Hemedti and their endeavor to be part of the Jeddah Agreement to throw a lifeline to the military ally The rebel whose palm has tilted in the field of battle in favor of the army, which has become in the position of attack, and the rebel in the mode of flight, withdrawal, and I do not say the mode of defense. Perhaps this is the last attempt to usurp power diplomatically after the attempts to reach power were destroyed militarily. In this context, the tireless work done by the late Hamdok and Mr. Mo in their African safari across Kenya is understood, and attempts to spread the vow of civil war, which is the same as what the incubator is doing. The political rebellion * who will discover after forty days of adventure that they have been incubating rotten eggs, the dead will not come out of the living.
  • Paths, marches, and walks * The short-term cease-fire agreement signed in Jeddah is similar to what it worked to open paths for humanitarian aid, but it is very clear that it began to open paths for external intervention and an attempt to pass some agenda and external interests and pave the way for a political settlement of an Atlantic and Western formula and nature, not Sudanese which we can notice Clearly in the introduction of punitive means for the first time in the ongoing negotiations in the city of Jeddah, the spatial timetable for the Ihram of the people of Sudan as they receive the Grand Mosque. And the number all that was mentioned in the agreement is that Sudan’s recovery depends on stopping * external interference *, especially the regional one, from which we brought destruction, because it makes the country a field for the struggle of the interests of the axes, and this causes divergence, competition, opposition, beating and conflict in which diplomatic and military tools are used, and the examples of Libya, Yemen, Iraq, and finally Syria returning to me The Arab House against the backdrop of the May 2023 Arab Summit, which was held in Jeddah not long ago. In the next article, I will talk about the coming scenarios and the closest to how the war that was imposed on us and which we hate will end. last thought The people of Sudan, like other people of the religion, are optimistic and rejoice in the number 7 and the son of the seven, not the seven. Khartoum
    May 22, 2023 AD
    before the entry into force of a short-term ceasefire.
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