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Sudan Humanitarian Support: Is it enough for 25 million people affected by the conflict in the last 6 months

By Mohamed Abusin

The gap between the required humanitarian support funding and what is actually received is indeed a major concern in Sudan. This alarming disparity puts immense pressure on the already fragile situation in the country, making it difficult to provide essential assistance to those in need. In the face of ongoing conflicts, displacement, and various humanitarian challenges, bridging this gap is of utmost importance to ensure the well-being of the Sudanese people. It calls for continued international cooperation and support to address the critical needs and stabilize the situation in Sudan.
Sudan and Ukraine present contrasting humanitarian challenges. Sudan faces a larger crisis with over 24 million people in need of aid, while Ukraine has 17 million. Ukraine has received 57% of its required funding, but Sudan only 33%. These disparities emphasize the urgent need for increased global support for Sudan, as both countries require comprehensive humanitarian aid, but Sudan’s crisis is larger in scale and less funded compared to Ukraine. International solidarity and assistance are crucial to address these distinct humanitarian challenges.

Figure 1: 67 % of the required funds for Sudan still awaiting.

Figure 2: the Gap between what is required and received is increasing.

  1. Summary: The coordinated plan’s funding sources are both diverse and generous, with the United States of America, Government, leading the way by providing a substantial $478.8 million, which accounts for a significant 55.8% of the total funding. The European Commission follows closely, contributing $119.5 million, representing 13.9%. Additionally, the Central Emergency Response Fund has played a vital role by allocating $38.1 million, comprising 4.4% of the total. The United Kingdom, Government of, is a notable contributor, with a commitment of $26.0 million, equivalent to 3.0%. Canada, Government of, has dedicated $25.2 million, constituting 2.9%, while Germany, Government of, has provided $23.4 million, making up 2.7%. The contributions continue with Sweden, Government of, offering $18.7 million (2.2%), the Netherlands, Government of, with $16.2 million (1.9%), Norway, Government of, pledging $14.7 million (1.7%), and the Government of Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of) contributing $12.0 million (1.4%). These collective efforts reflect a global commitment to addressing critical needs and supporting the coordinated plan’s objectives.
  2. EU Commission and Eu States: In 2023, the European Union (EU) displayed its unwavering commitment to addressing the humanitarian crisis in Sudan by mobilizing a substantial €126 million in funding, initially allocating €73 million for the region and promptly responding to the escalating conflict by channeling an additional €60 million. This supplemental funding, which included €52 million for Sudan, €7 million for Chad, and €1 million for South Sudan, was reinforced by prior support to Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies. The European Commission’s comprehensive contribution for addressing the Sudan crisis in Chad amounted to €18.6 million. Furthermore, during a pivotal pledging conference in June 2023, the EU, in conjunction with its Member States, pledged a substantial €272.5 million in humanitarian, development cooperation, and stabilization funds. The EU’s humanitarian aid initiatives encompass vital assistance in health and nutritional care, cash support, food aid, water and sanitation, shelter, protection, and education, primarily benefiting the most vulnerable households, including internally displaced persons, refugee families, and host communities. Additionally, the EU plays a pivotal role in providing nutritional treatment and care to children under 5 and pregnant or breastfeeding women across Sudan, reinforcing its commitment to addressing the multifaceted challenges and delivering essential aid in the region. Since 2013, the EU has mobilised almost €700 million in lifesaving assistance to people affected by conflict, food shortages and malnutrition, natural hazards or disease outbreaks. [1]
  1. USA: United States Provides Over $130 Million in Additional Humanitarian Assistance to Support People Affected by the Crisis in Sudan. The United States is the largest humanitarian donor to the Sudan crisis response. This additional support brings total U.S. humanitarian assistance for the people of Sudan and neighboring countries that are supporting Sudanese refugees to $840 million this fiscal year. [2]
  • Background: U.S.-Sudan Relations main event:

    1983 – 1990 Civil war in Sudan; U.S. freezes economic and military aid due to debt issues.
    1990 Sanctions begin after a coup by Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir.
    1991 – 1997 U.S. suspends benefits for Sudan under GSP; Sudan listed as supporting terrorism, leading to sanctions.
    1994-1996 Sudan hands over international terrorist Carlos the Jackal to France.
    1996 – 1997 Sudan expels Osama bin Laden under pressure from the U.S., leading to more sanctions.
    1997 Freedom from Religious Persecution Act introduced, calling for comprehensive sanctions.
    2001 – 2004 Sudan placed on Tier 3 list under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act; Comprehensive Peace in Sudan Act signed.
    2005 – 2008 New U.S. policy toward Sudan; Sudanese President Bashir indicted by the International Criminal Court.
    2009 – 2011 Comprehensive U.S. policy unveiled; Darfur Peace and Accountability Act signed.
    2020 United States takes Sudan off terrorism list after 27 years
    Ongoing Evolving diplomatic relations and ongoing challenges.
  1. KSA & Qatar: In a show of solidarity and support, Saudi Arabia and Qatar announced a joint commitment of $150 million towards humanitarian assistance for Sudan during a pivotal donor conference convened in Geneva. This crucial meeting sought to mobilize funds for humanitarian aid in Sudan, which has been severely affected by a protracted conflict between the national army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) since April. The conference witnessed the participation of prominent actors, including Egypt, Germany, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the European Union, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Together, these stakeholders are pooling resources and efforts to address the pressing humanitarian crisis in Sudan, providing vital support to the affected population as they grapple with the fallout from ongoing violence and displacement. [3]

Majed Al-Sulami, Head of the Humanitarian and Development Affairs Department at the Kingdom’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations, confirmed Saudi Arabia’s substantial contribution of $100 million in direct humanitarian support to Sudan during a briefing session held by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Geneva. Al-Sulami stressed the urgency of unifying efforts for an effective humanitarian response, emphasizing the need to provide essential services to alleviate the gravity of the situation in Sudan. Saudi Arabia has also played a role in coordinating international responses through high-level conferences in Geneva to announce pledges for humanitarian assistance in Sudan and the region, as well as a ministerial event alongside the 78th United Nations General Assembly. [4]

  1. China: a shipment of vital medical supplies set off from Shanghai as a crucial component of the Chinese government’s humanitarian emergency aid to Sudan, valued at 10 million yuan (approximately 1.39 million U.S. dollars). This humanitarian initiative underlines China’s commitment to providing essential support to Sudan during a time of need, especially in the healthcare sector, to address pressing challenges and contribute to the welfare of the Sudanese people. [5]

Works Cited

[1] “EU-Sudan,” 15 September 2023. [Online]. Available: https://civil-protection-humanitarian-aid.ec.europa.eu/where/africa/sudan_en.
[2] USAID, “United States Provides Over $130 Million in Additional Humanitarian Assistance to Support People Affected by the Crisis in Sudan,” For Immediate Release, 20 SEPTEMBER 2023.
[3] I. Khazen, Saudi Arabia, Qatar pledge $150M for humanitarian response in Sudan, 20 June 2023. [Online]. Available: https://www.aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/saudi-arabia-qatar-pledge-150m-for-humanitarian-response-in-sudan/2926245.
[4] S. A. p. $. m. i. d. h. s. t. Sudan, “Saudi Gazette report,” https://saudigazette.com, GENEVA, 2023.
[5] C. s. e. h. a. t. Sudan, 18 July 2023. [Online]. Available: http://english.scio.gov.cn/pressroom/2023-07/18/content_92809890.htm.
[6] UNOCHA, “Ukraine Sitauation report,” UN, 24, August, 2022.
UNOCHA, “Sudan situation report,” UN, 07.10. 2023.

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