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Cairo and Hemeti

  • Osama ABDELMAGiD

¤ The rebellious and notorious Hemeti confronted the former rescue minister Adel Hamed Daqlo “the militia’s procurement director” frantically when he learned of his purchase of villas and apartments in Egypt. He preferred the “guarded” over other Arab and African capitals and Istanbul, Turkey. Immediately, Hemeti directed to get rid of them by selling. He repeated his directive to his cousin, who was anxiously preparing to leave, expressing great concern about the risks of being in Egypt and its association. This occurred in the presence of businessmen close to Adel, who benefited from supplying food and products to the militia.
¤ However, Egypt’s concern about the criminal militia is greater and more logical. President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi has repeatedly warned of the danger of “gangs,” “militias,” and their impact on the region’s security and the stability of governments. This was emphasized during his participation in the Jeddah Summit for Security and Development in July 2022.
¤ He stressed that there is no place for the concept of militias, mercenaries, and armed gangs in the region. He urged their supporters, who provided shelter, money, weapons, and training, allowing the transfer of terrorist elements from one location to another, to reconsider their calculations and described them as “incorrect.” He warned them that there would be no leniency in protecting the Arab national security, and they would protect the security, interests, and rights of Egypt by all means. Undoubtedly, President Sisi is referring to the Rapid Support Forces and militias and mercenaries in Libya.
¤ There may be confusion when looking at Egypt’s positions on Hemeti’s militias, and its support for the Libyan General Khalifa Haftar. However, there is a significant difference between the situations in Sudan and Libya. What Hemeti is doing threatens the security of the region, particularly Egypt. Therefore, when he revolted and attempted to seize power by force in mid-April of last year, Sisi held a meeting with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces in his country to discuss the situation in Sudan in less than 48 hours.
¤ Egypt’s view was deeper and more comprehensive when Sisi considered what was happening in Sudan as an internal matter. Therefore, no one paid attention to Hemeti’s lies when he exclaimed, “The Egyptian air force bombed Kerei and destroyed very large numbers for us.” Before that, he attributed his forces’ presence in Marawi to the presence of Egyptian forces, which were there as part of military cooperation between the two countries, conducting joint exercises.
¤ When Cairo received Hemeti as part of his tours supervised by international public relations companies, its government showed great hospitality. He is, for them, a militia leader, and the relationship with him will not be replaced by a relationship with the eternal Egyptian people and its ancient army that fought alongside them in defense of Egyptian land in the October 1973 war. Sudan participated as a reserve force with an infantry brigade and a special forces battalion, recruiting volunteers to support the Egyptian forces in crossing the Bar Lev Line. Some of them crossed the canal alongside the Egyptian forces. Sudanese military units also contributed during World War I to defend the Suez Canal and participate in military operations in Egypt’s western borders.
¤ No state understands the situation in Sudan like Egypt, and no president is aware of the danger of Hemeti’s rebellion like Sisi. Therefore, Egypt’s positions will not be subject to bargaining, as evidenced by the success of the Sudan Neighborhood Summit in mid-July 2023. If the world supported Sisi’s vision to end the crisis, the Sudanese would now be enjoying security. This vision includes four points: stopping the escalation, starting negotiations for a permanent ceasefire, facilitating the delivery of humanitarian aid, launching an inclusive dialogue for a comprehensive political process, and forming a communication mechanism arising from the conference to develop an executive plan to resolve the crisis.
¤ However, regional parties worked to thwart Egypt’s role. But we have enough from the summit that Sisi surrounded the Sudanese with a wreath of brotherhood and love when he considered what was happening as an internal conflict. He emphasized the importance of not allowing any external parties to intervene in the crisis, respecting the sovereignty of the Sudanese state and the institutions of the existing government. Therefore, the first foreign face for Al-Burhan during the war was “Egypt, the believer.”
¤ Sudan, as Sisi said, is going through a deep crisis with its negative implications for security and stability in the region and the world. Egypt was a generous sister, hosting hundreds of thousands of its brothers south of the valley. However, we await a more significant role from Egypt on the diplomatic level and an active role militarily, starting from the close connection of Sudanese and Egyptian national security.
¤ Whatever the case may be, Egypt is confident as the beacon of knowledge and history, and the Sudan, with all its heritage and civilization, cannot be a stage for the ignorant and the barbarians.

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