Strategic Partnerships for Sudan: Where Are We Headed?

Dr. Adel Abdul Aziz Al-Faki
The principle of strategic partnership is based on the existence of a reasonable level of common interests between one country and another, within or outside the same region. Common interests include the main sectors of the state: political (including diplomacy), military and security, economic, scientific and information, media, environmental, and humanitarian.
This means that we should not look at one aspect of the relationship to decide to establish a strategic partnership. For example, if the volume of trade between us and a country is very large and exceeds others, this is not enough to establish a strategic partnership with this country without considering other factors. The most prominent example of this is our relationship with the United Arab Emirates, where the value of trade exchange between us and this country is 4.4 billion dollars, where we export to it at a value of 2.3 billion dollars, and import from it at a value of 2.1 billion dollars, according to the latest official statistics available. Despite this large trade exchange that exceeds others, this alone is not enough because our interests intersect with this country politically, militarily and security-wise at the present time.
Therefore, the decision of which countries are most suitable for strategic partnership should be a subject of collective thought by scholars and thinkers in the fields of politics and diplomacy, the army and security, economics, media, information and technology, the environment, and the humanitarian affairs sector. Thinking based on information and statistics, not just impressionistic, wishful, or ideological thinking.
The weight of the main sectors mentioned above, in the overall strategy, differs from one sector to another, and it can be a subject of intensive discussion within the strategic planning cell. However, it is agreed that the security axis receives the highest rate, followed by the political and economic elements.
Within each sector separately, there will be a scientific study based on confirmed information. For example, in the military and security axis, it is necessary to determine and monitor the value and depth of the relationship between the Sudanese army and the army of the concerned country, joint training, sources of military equipment for each army, and the joint use of ports and airports. Then monitoring the value and depth of the relationship between the security and intelligence services in the two countries, information exchange and cooperation, joint training, security files of common interest, and joint security operations.
As for the economic axis, the elements of analysis include the size of the economy of the concerned country, the volume of trade exchange with it, the ease of movement of goods and services between our country and the concerned country, the ease of movement of money, and agreements on scientific exchange, training and knowledge transfer.
Such in-depth studies are what determine and illuminate the way for the decision-maker, which countries are more feasible to work with in a strategic partnership: China, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Iran, or do we go back to the embrace of the United States and the Bretton Woods agreements? We will detail in the next article.
And allah is the Giver of success.

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