Neimat Al Naiem
Africa witnessed great political change since the early-mid of the 19th century where most of its countries became independent following the long years of struggle against colonial regimes that ruled it for decades. Fortunately, Sudan is of those countries that become independent in 1956.
Since that time different Governments ruled Sudan, as well as the other African States, done. Some of these States witnessed political, economic stability, and that is due to the wisdom of their leaders, the former African leaders like Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya, Julius Nayriri in Tanzania as examples. To set up a system for ruling or governing is a key for development and stability to any country.
Governance has been defined to refer to structures and processes that are designed to ensure accountability, transparency, responsiveness a d role of law, stability, equity and inclusiveness, empowerment, and broad-based participation.
To govern or rule a country for 4 years or more according to the constitution and rule of law, may pave the way to form a successful stable government. But most of the African States are greatly affected by either the corruption of the leaders or the long governance for decades.
Some political and economic experts described the status of the long regimes ruled that for three or four decades or more, as a chronic disease left behind great damages in the economies and structures of the whole country.
This long governance for sure has many disadvantages, in the absence of advancements. When you look around in the Afro-Arab region, it is quite clear that the long governance created a new destroyed political and economic reality. As in Libya under the regime of Muammar Gaddafi for 42 years. Sudan for 30 years during the former regime of Omer Al-Bashir. Habib Bu Regeiba for 30 years. Uganda is 40 years in the rule. Such long governance enables the leaders to stick strongly to their positions as authorized to implement their policies whatever the results.
Some African States can be described as states of institutions, not a one-man show as dictators do in their countries. The contradiction in their statements when they are in power they believe that the problem of Africa is not the people, but the leaders who want to overstay in power. Those leaders think that the more you stay in power the more you learn.
It is never minded to the top officials and leaders for the Country to run its work in harmony. South Africa is a model of State to respect the constitution. When the Nelson Mandela regime was ended, it is automatically transferred to Thabo Mbeki.
It is high time for the African youths to make a real change in their countries. It is time for African spring to achieve a real change and development for Africa, to remove corrupt leaders.