Ahmed Hassan Hurga
International Relations is a means of communication among nations and has nations and has worked to common interests and benefits. International Relations support the communication process between the World’s States in the political and diplomatic domains; on the other hand, international law has put basics for promoting the relations that to achieve the demanding purposes which are contributing to exchanging interests and benefits among the World’s nations.
Since Sudan has gained its independence in 1956 it becomes an active member of the United Nations and from that period worked with the international community to develop its relations with the States in the international arena, and with African and Arab nations in the regional arena. In this regard, Sudan keens to normalize its bilateral ties with India based on exchange respect, so that Sudan’s relations with India go back in history well before the independence of Sudan and India. This points out to the historical relations which link two countries together the specific evidence which justifies that the two countries have old ties both of them have exerted efforts to develop them from traditional to strategic in all aspects we find that the visit of Mahatma Gandhi when he stopped over in port Sudan on his way to England and he was welcomed by the Indian community there, the Indian communities in Sudan are constituting now the strong relationship between Sudan and India. Also, in 1938, Pandit Jawaharlal Lal Nehru and his daughter stopped in Port Sudan on their way to England, these are two historical incidents show that the deep roots of the relations of the two countries.
We do not forget the Indian stance when Bandung Conference was held in 1955 when the delegation from the still not independent Sudan did not have a flag to its place. So, Jawaharlal Nehru took out his handkerchief and wrote Sudan on it with a pen, thus reserving a place for Sudan in the international community, I think this is a strong step and firm position from India to enhance the Sudanese –Indian bilateral ties. After Sudan had taken its independence in 1956, the relationship between the two States has taken a new horizon when students from Sudan have been coming to all the different universities of India for higher and better education, there are approximately 8,000 students from Sudan who graduated from Indian universities in all domains, they have obtained an Indian experience which played an important role in many fields. We find that the trade between two countries witnesses a great refreshing especially Sudan’s cereals like wheat and some of the oil seeds such as sunflower, sesame seeds these is the major exports of Sudan to India.
India contributed more in investment in Sudan it has some projects which are playing a pioneering role in developing ties between Sudan and India. The Sudanese –Indian relations were described as distinguished that based on exchange respect and boost the mutual interests of the two countries. Who, he follows the historical ties of the two States he will discover that the two administrations of the two countries keen to push them ahead, actually Sudan and India have rich history cooperation in all domains so that they are linked by strong bonds of common heritage and unique, bilateral ties between them have always been warm and cordial. These relations have a long history of contacts, the establishment of Sudan Railways one of the major projects of India’s contributions and drew also from Indian experience common sight trees like Neem, Ladakh, and Cassia which decorate the avenues of many Sudanese cities, towns, and villages are of Indian origin.
Likewise, the well-known largest Indian school in Africa located in Omdurman, Sudan was also a gift from Sudan to India on the occasion of the visit of the Prime Minister late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to Sudan. As founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement whose seeds were sown at the Bandung Conference, leaders of the two countries have maintained regular contacts, Sudanese leader Ismail Al-Azhari visited India in 1955 followed by late president Ibrahim Abboud exchange of high-level delegations between the two countries have been taking place since then, including the visit to Sudan by the late Indian President Fakhurddin Ali Ahmed in 1975, former President Jafar Mohammed Nemieri in 1974 trip to India, and the visits of the then were exchanged between the two friendly States.
India and Sudan have always shared common positions, they also hold identical views on various regional and international developments. Like in the past, when the two countries joined hands to fight colonial domination and the abhorrent system in defending the interests of developing countries in the political and economic fields. They both believe in a multi-polar world with a fair and equitable system of global trade and business. They hold firmly to the need for more and more solidarity within the ranks of developing countries. India is among Sudan’s important trading partners.
Both countries are now determined to achieve once again, the highest possible performance in their bilateral dealings, the signing by both countries of eleven agreements on trade, economic, cultural, and technological fields as well as the establishment of Indo- Sudan joint business council and Indo-Sudanese cultural forum and clear testimonies to and examples for their shared commitment and determinations to consolidate their cooperation in all fields.