Life Style

Rap in Sudan

Mohamed Abdallah Alshafea (Aqua)

The interest of Sudanese youth in “rap” music has increased recently, most of which focus on combating racism and many issues that have become an obsession for Sudanese society.

In the ’70s and ’80s, Sudan’s music was incredibly popular across the African continent, with legendary singers such as Mohamed Wardi With abundant use of violins and accordions, as well as synths and drum machines.

So in the late 1990s, the country’s musical scene looks a bit different. The younger generation of musicians is gearing towards genres such as rap.

Rap is defined as a branch of hip-hop culture, which is speaking and chanting a song with a certain rhyme, delivering rhymes, and playing with words, so that it matches the rhyme without sticking to a specific melody.

With the current political situation, rap in Sudan has also become the perfect tool to support the revolution, while telling the country’s stories of resilience.

Although many people see rap as a tool for solving many problems; however, this type of music drew a great societal controversy. Amid all this heated debate, the momentum of rap music is increasing, which has encouraged several artists to call for the establishment of their union; The move received great support from some artistic production companies, which see this type of music as very profitable.

Sudanese rappers relied on the protest platform, to spread during the protests in Sudan, where rap took the feature of the protest that it grew up on, and it was one of the inspiring means of protest, especially among the youth group. Some rap songs had a great impact in raising awareness of the state of the country among young people, especially during the revolution, such as the songs “Janjaweed Rabata” by the famous rapper Ayman Maw, and “Sudan without Kizan”.

Most Popular Rappers in Sudan


In the aftermath of the Sudanese revolution, many Sudanese rappers have made it a point to voice their strong opinions about the exiled government through their rhymes, and Flippter is no exception. Loay Karim, known as Flippter, was one of three Sudanese music artists to be featured in COLORSXSTUDIO’s Sudan-focused project and wowed international audiences with his poignant yet witty wordplay. On 30 July 2019, COLORS released a politically charged performance of Flippter’s previously unreleased single, “BLUE”. In addition, he released hit songs such as “Shafata”, “Gorasa”, and was most recently featured in YouTuber Maha AJ’s 2019 hit song, “Salimmik – A Love Letter to Sudan”.

Based between Saudi Arabia and Sudan, the Sudanese rapper knows how to make a strong statement, like in his track “Hatred”, but make no mistake, he could also spit some comedic bars like in “Salimmik”.


Also known as TooDope, Tayeb Hajo is one of the most prominent voices in the Sudanese rap community. You may have first heard of him when his 2017 smash hit, “Alright”, featuring MaMan, garnered millions of listeners and views worldwide. Lately, his music has revolved around bringing attention to the Sudanese revolution and its aftermath with tracks such as “Sabbinaha” and “KTMT”


As a singer, songwriter, producer, and rapper, you could say that Mahdi Nourie, known as MaMan, is a man of many talents. The Khartoum-based rapper’s debut solo track “Grow Fast” was released in 2018, and ever since then, it has become clear that MaMan is definitely making his mark in the emerging Sudanese rap scene. Much like other artists on this list, MaMan also is using his music as a tool to spark dialogue about the current Sudanese political climate. He has collaborated with other Sudanese rappers on tracks such as Lil Freeny’s “Sam7a” and TooDope’s “Alright”.


The “DU CLAN” places as one of the most influential Sudanese rap group and undeniably one of the greatest hip-hop acts that Sudan has ever seen unquestionably. Du Clan shattered barriers for future generations with a bold and wildly innovative style of hip-hop that captivated fans from all over Sudan starting from Khartoum to all way down the others cities around the county.

What distinguishes this clan from the others is their ability to combine the Sudanese Arabic that is called “Randog” with English in such an unbelievable way, and also what makes DU Clan a great rap group is the chemistry, personalities, the body of work, all the essential ingredients are in place, they are playful, intelligent, and funny.

Lyrically, they displayed maturity and vulnerability. Musically, the Du Clan has changed the rules of the Sudanese rap game and they made the blueprint that distinguishes them from the other Sudanese clans, nowadays the limelight is only on them after releasing their first video clip, with it rocking all social media platforms and especially Facebook, finally, this unprecedented clan will be having their legacy in the Sudanese hip-hop world.

Honorable Mentions:

Abbas Hamad (born May 27, 1987), better known by his stage name Bas, is a Sudanese Rapper who made it to the world stage and beyond. He is signed to the legendary artist J. Cole’s Dreamville Records. Making his mark on the world and representing Sudan to uncountable people.

Soulja, who is called the newly crowned king of the Arab Rap Scene, is a rapper whose style is a combination of a catchy flow and funny lyrics, focusing on making the tracks for the youth, and giving someone they can relate to.

O’D is a rapper whose bars are filled with vibes and is known for representing Omdurman. A talented lyricist with a very creative flow switches especially when there’s a feature track.

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