Dr. Elshafie Khidir Saeid
For two decades, Darfur has been groaning, bleeding, and inhabited by death and destruction, in the worst manifestations of ethnic violence, and in light of the enforced disappearance of the rule of law and the unfortunate absence of the state and its institutions.
The reports coming from West Darfur state confirmed an armed tribal militias attack, covered by artillery fire and heavy weapons, on the small village of “Kreinik”, east of El Geneina city, the state capital, which also caught in the fire by the attacking militias.
Hundreds of dead bodies and wounded victims, mostly children, women, and the elderly, were piled up on the roads, thousands of displaced people fled the holocaust, and the homes were destroyed and burned. It is difficult to deny that what happened was genocide and ethnic cleansing, and it is difficult to agree that the main reason for the outbreak of fighting is merely revenge for the killing of two persons from the attacking group.
I think those who limit the conflicts in the Darfur to their traditional tribal character are mistaken, but those who deny this character are also mistaken. Those who chronicle the eruption of these conflicts with the Ingaz regime are mistaken, but those who ignore the role of the policies & practices of this regime in exacerbating these conflicts and turning them into a bloody human tragedy are also mistaken.
I do believe that tribal conflicts in Sudan turned from mere conflicts over the resources to a legitimate aspiration for real participation in power and a fair sharing of wealth since these tribes reside in the centers of production of this wealth and generate the economic surplus.
Also, despite its specificity and geographical space, the Darfur crisis where is an extension of the general national crisis that has extended since the dawn of independence and has been exacerbated and complicated by the incorrect or inadequate answers to the post-independence fundamental questions by the social forces that formed the civil and military regimes that have been ruling the country over the past decades.
Bloody conflicts are not confined to Darfour, and they are spreading almost all over Sudan. The fear of an outbreak of a civil war similar to what had happened in Rwanda is genuine & legitimate & having in mind the fact that the country is sustaining grave mismanagement of diversity and pluralism, as well as the bog down of development, rule of law, societal tolerance and peaceful coexistence.
It is very worrying that the leaders of the betrayed tribes are threatening to demand the right to self-determination in reaction to the failure of the central government and security services to protect them. Those leaders insist that the attacking militias are groups that cross the region, states, and borders, which means that the central government’s inaction extends to compromising national sovereignty, and this is serious!
The repeated events of genocides that have been repeated in Darfur since the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement, have multiplied those doubts that the agreement was reduced to a mere power chairs sharing among the signatories, and away from the needs & aspirations of the people of Darfour, mainly the issues of the displaced and the diaspora residents, compensation, lands, hawakeers and grazing paths, justice, transitional justice and reconciliations, development plans and reconstruction projects…etc.
The ongoing bloody events in Darfur will not be the last, and the many attempted trials to stop the bleeding have not succeeded. What if we consider the proposal of the “Darfur Bar Association” to form a national committee to address this great strife?